Pediatric PTC with Diffuse Lung Metastases: Pulmonary Function Testing and Steroid Therapy Prior to RAI
Thyroid carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy in children, and metastatic involvement at initial presentation is much more common than adults. The clinical course of the disease is favorable; however, management is challenging due to differences in biologic behavior of the tumor and potential side effects of I-131 in the long-term follow-up. The current pediatric case highlights the possible pulmonary fibrosis after radioiodine treatment and indicates the importance of dose optimization particularly in children with diffuse lung metastases.
KeywordsPediatric thyroid cancer Lung metastasis Radioactive iodine Side effects Pulmonary fibrosis
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