The Effects Toward Maritime Higher-Education in China After the Entry into Force of the Polar Code

  • Haibo XieEmail author
  • Xiaori Gao
Part of the WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs book series (WMUSTUD, volume 7)


The International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (Polar Code) is expected to enter into force on 1 January 2017. As a major exporter of seafarers, the maritime higher-education academy in China should take positive and appropriate measures to comply with the requirements of the Polar Code. Human errors dominated the causes of maritime accidents, so education, training and certification are the most important parts of the Polar Code. However, the education and training for seafarers involving the Polar waters are not covered in current maritime higher-education programmes based on the STCW Convention and codes. Consequently, additional courses and trainings should be developed to make the seafarers competent with the operations in polar waters. These issues will be discussed from the following aspects: the courses and textbooks, training and assessment, selection of instructors and the development of simulators for polar waters. This chapter provides guidance to improve compulsory competence of seafarers required by the Polar Code.


Higher-education Polar Code Maritime education and training Compliance 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dalian Maritime UniversityDalianRepublic of China

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