Nutrition Management: Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and Oral Intake

  • Piyagarnt VichayavilasEmail author
  • Laura Kashtan


Infants and children with congenital heart disease are contended with growth challenges. The causes are multifactorial and contributed by hypermetabolism, poor feeding, limited tolerance to feeding, and iatrogenic caloric deficits from procedural interruptions and fluid volume restriction that are inherent in the intensive care unit. Providing enteral and parenteral nutrition support, with attentive surveillance to nutrition delivery, can mitigate growth faltering in this population.


Congenital heart Enteral nutrition Parenteral nutrition Chylous effusion Necrotizing enterocolitis 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical NutritionChildren’s Hospital ColoradoAuroraUSA

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