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Angular Variations

  • Heather Hansen
Chapter

Abstract

Angular variations are common in the pediatric population. They can be of benign origin or may be pathologic in nature. A thorough examination including the rotational profile is helpful with diagnosis. Most benign angular variations can be observed. Pathologic angular variations may require surgical intervention.

Keywords

Rotational profile Intoeing Outtoeing Femoral anterversion Tibial torsion Genu varum Genu valgum Guided growth 

Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of OrthopaedicsThe Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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