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Melanoma pp 361-362 | Cite as

Reconstructive Options for Head and Neck Melanoma

  • Ian R. Wisecarver
  • Charles L. Dupin
  • Julian D’Achille
Chapter

Abstract

The risk of developing melanoma is skyrocketing. Some data suggests an increase in incidence of 5% per year, faster than any other cancer in the United States. For a bit of perspective, the risk of developing cutaneous melanoma in 1935 was 1 person in 1,500, whereas the risk in 2012 was 1 in 30. While melanoma accounts for a relatively small portion of skin cancers, roughly 4%, the number of deaths caused by melanoma is disproportionately high, 75%. Head and neck lesions comprise up to 25% of cutaneous melanoma, with 60–90% of these occurring on the face. Scalp, lip, and external ear presentations are much less common. Head and neck melanomas also have a higher local recurrence rate (9–13%) than do melanomas of the trunk or extremities. Melanoma of the face is two times higher in males and significantly more likely to occur in people with lightly colored eyes and a fair complexion.

Keywords

Melanoma Head lesions Neck lesions Reconstruction 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian R. Wisecarver
    • 1
  • Charles L. Dupin
    • 2
  • Julian D’Achille
    • 2
  1. 1.Louisiana State University Health Sciences CenterNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of SurgeryLouisiana State University Health Sciences CenterNew OrleansUSA

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