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Melanoma pp 213-237 | Cite as

Pediatric Melanoma and Atypical Melanocytic Neoplasms

  • Radhika Sreeraman Kumar
  • Jane L. Messina
  • Damon R. Reed
  • Vernon K. Sondak
Chapter

Abstract

Melanoma is rare in children and presents with atypical features in comparison to adult melanoma. Adding to the diagnostic difficulty is the plethora of melanocytic neoplasms that are common in the pediatric population. It is often not possible to classify a lesion as unequivocally benign or melanoma, which pose challenges to the pathologist and treating physicians. This chapter focuses on the diagnosis and classification of atypical melanocytic neoplasms and melanoma in pediatric patients. Strategies for management of localized and advanced disease are reviewed including the role of sentinel lymph node biopsy, completion lymphadenectomy, adjuvant therapy and treatment of metastatic disease.

Keywords

Pediatric melanoma Neonatal melanoma Congenital and dysplastic nevi Genetic syndromes Adolescent and young adult melanoma 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radhika Sreeraman Kumar
    • 1
  • Jane L. Messina
    • 2
    • 3
  • Damon R. Reed
    • 4
    • 5
  • Vernon K. Sondak
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Radiation Oncology ServicesRiverdaleUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Anatomic Pathology and Cutaneous OncologyMoffitt Cancer CenterTampaUSA
  3. 3.Departments of Pathology and Cell Biology and DermatologyUniversity of South Florida Morsani College of MedicineTampaUSA
  4. 4.Departments of Cutaneous Oncology and Sarcoma OncologyMoffitt Cancer CenterTampaUSA
  5. 5.Pediatric Cancer and Blood Disorders InstituteJohns Hopkins All Children’s HospitalSt PetersburgUSA
  6. 6.Department of Cutaneous OncologyMoffitt Cancer CenterTampaUSA
  7. 7.Departments of Oncologic Sciences and SurgeryUniversity of South Florida Morsani College of MedicineTampaUSA

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