Accelerated Wheat Breeding: Doubled Haploids and Rapid Generation Advance

  • Puja Srivastava
  • Navtej Singh Bains


New breeding objectives, evolving disease organisms, changing climate patterns and the need for quick genetic ameliorations make accelerated breeding an important aspect of wheat improvement work. The emergence and deployment of wheat x maize system of DH production over the last few decades are discussed as an important option for accelerated wheat breeding. The lack of acute genotypic specificity favours the application of this method in wheat breeding. A low-cost, high-throughput system based on detached tiller culture and pre-regeneration chromosome doubling is presented. Recent studies in wheat have focused on development of alternative accelerated breeding systems based on modulation of growth environments and compression of crop cycle duration. Multiple crop generations obtained in this manner allow homozygosity to be approached in a single year. Directed assemblage of recurrent parent background and selection in nontarget environments have been enabled by use of molecular markers and complement accelerated breeding through these means. The future prospects of accelerated breeding are enriched by recent advances in deciphering molecular genetic basis e.g. CEN H3 and Mtl-1 genes of haploid induction.


Wheat Embryo culture Detached tiller culture Chromosome elimination Pre-regeneration colchicine treatment Rapid cycle breeding 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Puja Srivastava
    • 1
  • Navtej Singh Bains
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding & GeneticsPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

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