Background: The aging process produces facial ptosis, which for many years has been corrected through facial surgery called face lift. Nowadays, to meet the demands of the patient, so-called thread lifts are used. The technique was first described in the late 1990s and has been improved. There are several materials available.
Objectives: The purpose of this chapter is to describe the various types of thread lifts available, as well as their application techniques, indications and contraindications, complications, and results observed in the articles already published.
Methods: Literature review is available in the databases.
Conclusions: Thread lift is a minimally invasive procedure with a low rate of complications that can be done in the office and allows the patient a quick return to daily activities.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Keller GS, Namazie A, Blackwell K, et al. Elevation of the malar fat pad with a percutaneous technique. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2002;4(1):20–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
De Cordier BC, de La Torre JL, Al-Hakeem MS, et al. Rejuvenation of the midface by elevating the malar fat pad: review of technique, cases and complications. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002;110(2):1526–36.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Sasaki GH, Cohen AT. Meloplication of the malar fat pads by percutaneous cable-suture techinique for midface rejuvenation outcome study (392 cases, 6 years experience). Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002;110(2):635–54.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Lee S, Isse N. Barbed polupropylene sutures for midface elevation: early results. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2005;7(1):55–61.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Kaminer MS, Bogart M, Choi C, et al. Long-term efficacy of anchored barbed sutures in the face and neck. Dermatol Surg. 2008;34(8):1041–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Gamboa GM, Vasconez LO. Suture suspension technique for midface and neck rejuvenation. Ann Plast Surg. 2009;62(5):478–81.PubMedGoogle Scholar
De Benito J, Pizzamiglio R, Theodorou D, et al. Facial rejuvenation and improvement of malar projection using sutures with absorbable cones surgical technique and cases series. Aesthet Plast Surg. 2011;35(2):248–53.Google Scholar
Flynn J. Suture suspension lifts: a review. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2005;17(1):65–76.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Pak CS, et al. A multicenter noncomparative clinical study on midface rejuvenation using a nonabsorbable polypropylene mesh: evaluation of efficacy and safety. Arch Plast Surg. 2015;42(5):572–9.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
Consiglio F, Pizzamiglio R, Parodi PC, De Biasio F, Machin PN, Di Loreto C, Gamboa M. Suture with resorbable cones: histology and physico-mechanical features. Aesthet Surg J. 2016;36(3):122–7.Google Scholar
Kwon KA, et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of synthetic brow-suspension materials. Mater Sci Eng C. 2014;35:220–30.Google Scholar
Khan DM, Shaw RB. Overview of current thoughts on facial volume and aging. Facial Plast Surg. 2010;26(3):350–5.Google Scholar
Wu WTL. Commentary on facial rjuvenation with fine barbed threads: the simples-MIZ litf. Aesthet Plast Surg. 2014;38(1):75–7.Google Scholar
Sasaki GH, Komorowska-Timek ED, Bennett DC, Gabriel A. An objective comparison of holding, slippage, and pull out tensions of eight suspension sutures in the malar fat pads of fresh-frozen human cadavers. Aesthet Surg J. 2008;28:387–96.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Tonnard P, Verpaele A, Monstrey S, et al. Minimal access cranial suspension lift: a modified S-lift. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2002;109(6):2074–86.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Giampapa V, Bitzos I, Ramirez O, Granick M. Long-term results of suture suspension platysmaplasty for neck rejuvenation: a 13-year follow-up evalution. Aesthet Plast Surg. 2005;29(5):332–40.Google Scholar
Tiryaki KT. Shuttle lifting of the face: a percutaneous purse string suture suspension method for facial rejuvenation. Melbourne: s.n., 2008. Presented at the 19th International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.Google Scholar
Tiryaki KT, Aksungur E, Grotting JC. Micro-shuttle lifting of the neck: a percutaneous loop suspension method using a novel double-ended needle. Aesthet Surg J. 2016;36(6):629–38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Wilson L. Surgical needle. 1986, European Patent Register. Patent Number: EP0205811.Google Scholar
Matarasso A, Elkwood A, Rankin M, Elkowitz M. National plastic surgery survey: face lift techniques and complications. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000;106(5):1185–95.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Perrone M. Utilização de fio de polipropileno de autossustentação de tripla convergência para a correção do desvio de hemiface causada por lesão do nervo facial. Rev Col Bras Cir. 2012;39(5):368–72.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Citarella ER, Sterodimas A, Green AC, Sinder R, Pitanguy I. Use of triple-convergence polypropylene threadTM for the aesthetic correction of partial facial paralysis. Aesthet Plast Surg. 2008;32:688–91.Google Scholar
Sapountzis S, Nikkhah D, Kim JH, Seo JD. Novel polypropylene barbed threads for midface lift—“REEBORN”. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2014;2(11):e250.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
Savoia A, Accardo C, Vannini F, Di Pasquale B, Baldi A. Outcomes in thread lift for facial rejuvenation: a study performed with happy lift™ revitalizing. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 2014;4(1):103–14.Google Scholar
Suh DH, Jang HW, Lee SJ, Lee WS, Ryu HJ. Outcomes of polydioxanone knotless thread lifting for facial rejuvenation. Dermatol Surg. 2015;41(6):720–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Kim J, Kim HS, Seo JM, Nam KA, Chung KY. Evaluation of a novel thread-lift for the improvement of nasolabial folds and cheek laxity. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017;31(3):e136.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Isse N. Silhouette sutures for treatment of facial aging: facial rejuvenation, remodeling, and facial tissue support. Clin Plast Surg. 2008;35(4):481–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar