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Botulinum Toxin for the Neck

  • Luciana R. Patricio Linhares
  • Adilson Da Costa
Chapter
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Abstract

Botulinum toxin for the neck has found widespread use in the last few years in the attempt to enhance face and neck appearance.

This chapter aims to elucidate the indications of the procedure, helping choose the adequate candidate, as well as guide the reader through the step-by-step technique and management of possible complications.

Keywords

Botulin toxin Neck Mandibular contour Nefertiti lift Neck rejuvenation 

References

  1. 1.
    Sundaram H, Signorini M, Liew S, Trindade de Almeida AR, Wu Y, Vieira Braz A, et al. Global aesthetics consensus: botulin toxin type-A – Evidence-based review, emerging concepts and consensus recommendations for aesthetic use, including updates on complications. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016;137(3):518e–29e.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dayan SH. Complications from toxins and fillers in dermatology clinic: recognition, prevention and treatment. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2013;21(4):663–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Levy PM. Neurotoxins: current concepts in cosmetic use on the face and neck – Jawline contouring/Platysma bands/Necklace lines. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015;136(5 Suppl):80S–3S.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luciana R. Patricio Linhares
    • 1
  • Adilson Da Costa
    • 2
  1. 1.Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia (SBD)São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de Assistência Médica ao Servidor Público Estadual, Tenured International Professor and Mentor for PhD and MSc ProgramsSão PauloBrazil

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