Improving Institutions of Risk Management: Uncertain Causality and Judicial Review of Regulations

  • Louis Anthony Cox Jr.
  • Douglas A. Popken
  • Richard X. Sun
Part of the International Series in Operations Research & Management Science book series (ISOR, volume 270)


This chapter continues to consider questions of applied benefit-cost analysis and effective risk management, building on themes introduced in the previous two chapters. It expands the scope of the discussion to include a law-and-economics perspective on how different institutions—regulatory and judicial—involved in societal risk management can best work together to promote the public interest. In the interests of making the exposition relatively self-contained, we briefly recapitulate distinctions among types of causality and principles of causal inference that are discussed in more detail in Chap.  2, as well as principles of benefit-cost analysis and risk psychology, including heuristics and biases, from Chap.  10. In this chapter, however, the focus is less on individual, group, or organizational decision-making than on how rigorous judicial review of causal reasoning might improve regulatory risk assessment and policy.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis Anthony Cox Jr.
    • 1
  • Douglas A. Popken
    • 2
  • Richard X. Sun
    • 3
  1. 1.Cox AssociatesDenverUSA
  2. 2.Cox AssociatesLittletonUSA
  3. 3.Cox AssociatesEast BrunswickUSA

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