Ethics in Biomedical Research

  • Tuula Wahlman-Calderara
  • Jukka H. Meurman


Scientific research on human subjects or animals calls for meticulous ethical scrutinizing and approval of the study plan before any such research can be commenced. Modern techniques such as genetic biomanipulation have brought unforeseen ethical problems calling for special attention. In this chapter we briefly discuss the philosophical and historical basis of ethics with focus on medical research ethics. The process of ethical approval is also being described.


Ethics Biomedical research 



Supported by grant from the Finnish Medical Society.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tuula Wahlman-Calderara
    • 1
  • Jukka H. Meurman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial DiseasesHelsinki University HospitalHelsinkiFinland

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