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The Apprehension/Fear and Somatic Preoccupation/Somatisation Dimensions

  • Roberto Delle Chiaie
  • Amedeo Minichino
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, we critically reviewed findings suggesting the existence of two psychopathological dimensions: apprehension/fear and somatic concern/somatisation. The complex interplay between environment, genetics, endocrine and immune systems, and brain circuitries underlying these two dimensions is discussed, with a specific focus on relevance in terms of trans-diagnostic expression. Furthermore, starting with the data presented in Chap. 2, we provide evidence of a clear expression of these two dimensions across traditional diagnostic boundaries, further highlighting the need for a dimensional approach to psychiatric syndromes. Finally, we describe some clinical cases that in our clinical experience might represent an important portrait of a real-word scenario in which these theoretical notions could be applied. Starting with these considerations, an overview of the potential implication for treatment is provided.

Keywords

Fear Anxiety Stress HPA axis Somatisation Medically unexplained symptoms 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human NeurosciencesSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

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