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How to Survive Earthquakes: The Example of Norcia

  • Mário Lopes
  • Francisco Mota de Sá
  • Mónica Amaral FerreiraEmail author
  • Carlos Sousa Oliveira
  • Cristina F. Oliveira
  • Fabrizio Meroni
  • Thea Squarcina
  • Gemma Musacchio
Conference paper
Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 47)

Abstract

In this paper lessons are extracted from the comparison between the very different consequences that similar earthquakes had on the neighbouring towns of Norcia and Amatrice during the 2016 seismic crisis of central Italy. It was found that the differences in damage were essentially due to the strengthening of most houses in Norcia done during the previous decades. This is also likely to lead to a much faster recover of the economy and livelihood in Norcia, as Amatrice needs to be entirely rebuilt.

Keywords

Earthquake Damage Strengthening 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The support of the Civil Protection headquarters (Dicomac – Direzione di comando e controllo – Protezione Civile) and INGV are gratefully acknowledged. The authors also wish to thank to the Sindaco of Norcia, Nicola Alemanno, and the Assessore alla Cultura Giuseppina Perla, for the hospitality and information on the strengthening process of Norcia during the last decades. Special thanks to Agostino Goretti for his suggestions.

This study was financed by the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (Grant agreement ECHO.A.5 (2015) 3916812) – KnowRISK (Know your city, Reduce seISmic risK through non-structural elements).

References

  1. KnowRISK (Know your city, Reduce seISmic risK through non-structural elements) (2016–2017) project. Co-financed by European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Grant agreement ECHO/SUB/2015/718655/PREV28Google Scholar
  2. Luzi L, Puglia R, Russo E, ORFEUS WG5 (2016) Engineering strong motion database, version 1.0. Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Observatories & Research Facilities for European Seismology.  https://doi.org/10.13127/ESM

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mário Lopes
    • 1
  • Francisco Mota de Sá
    • 1
  • Mónica Amaral Ferreira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carlos Sousa Oliveira
    • 1
  • Cristina F. Oliveira
    • 2
  • Fabrizio Meroni
    • 3
  • Thea Squarcina
    • 3
  • Gemma Musacchio
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto Superior Técnico, Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture and GeoresourcesCErisLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Escola Superior de Tecnologia do Barreiro, Instituto Politécnico de SetúbalSetúbalPortugal
  3. 3.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaRomaItaly

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