Advertisement

Experiential and Transformative Learning Through Community Service in China

  • Kaishan Kong
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies on Chinese Education in a Global Perspective book series (CEGP)

Abstract

According to the statistics from the Institute of International Education (2015), from 2003/04 to 2013/14, of the total US students studying abroad, the percentage of those in semester-long programs decreased from 38.1% to 31.9%, and participants in year-long programs also dropped from 6% to 2.9%. By contrast, the number of students in various short-term programs increased. For instance, participants in summer term programs grew from 37% to 38.1%; more sub-divided models were offered for students to experience learning abroad.

References

  1. Ball, M. A. (2008). Practicums and service learning in LIS education. Journal of Education for Library and Information Science, 49(1), 70–82.Google Scholar
  2. Burnett, J. A., Hamel, D., & Long, L. L. (2004). Service learning in graduate counselor education: Developing multicultural counseling competency. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 32, 180–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Delve, C. I., Mintz, S. D., & Stewart, G. M. (1990). Promoting values development through community service: A design. New Directions for Student Services, 1990(50), 7–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dewey, J. (1933). How we think: A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process. Boston/New York: D. C. Heath.Google Scholar
  5. Dörnyei, Z. (1990). Conceptualizing motivation in foreign-language learning. Language Learning, 40(1), 45–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Foronda, C., & Belknap, R. A. (2012). Transformative learning through study abroad in low-income countries. Nurse Educator, 37(4), 157–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Freed, B. F. (1998). An overview of issues and research in language learning in a study abroad setting. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 4(2), 31–60.Google Scholar
  8. Institute of International Education. (2015). Duration of U.S. study abroad, 2003/04–2013/14. Open doors report on international educational exchange. Retrieved July 5, 2016, from http://www.iie.org/opendoors
  9. International Partnership for Service-Learning and Leadership (IPSL). (2007). Retrieved Feb 26, 2016, from http://www.ipsl.org/service-learning/
  10. Kambutu, J., & Nganga, L. W. (2008). In these uncertain times: Educators build cultural awareness through planned international experiences. Teaching and Teacher Education, 24(4), 939–951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kiely, R. (2005). A transformative learning model for service-learning: A longitudinal case study. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 12(1), 5–22.Google Scholar
  12. Kinginger, C. (2008). Language learning in study abroad: Case studies of Americans in France. The Modern Language Journal, 92, 1–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kohlbry, P., & Daugherty, J. (2015). International service–learning: An opportunity to engage in cultural competence. Journal of Professional Nursing, 31(3), 242–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kolb, A. Y., & Kolb, D. (2008). Experiential learning theory: A dynamic, holistic approach to management learning, education and development. In J. Armstrong & C. Fukami (Eds.), Handbook of management learning, education and development (pp. 42–69). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  15. Kolb, D. A. (1984). Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  16. Kong, K. (2016). Perspectives on mediated L2 learning during study abroad: Exploring identity, motivation and learning strategies. In D. M. Velliaris & D. Coleman-George (Eds.), Handbook of research on study abroad programs and outbound mobility. Advances in higher education and professional development (AHEPD) book series. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.Google Scholar
  17. Kong, K., Kocen, K., & Cooley, D. (2015). Being a wài guó rén in China: Reflection on a study abroad project in China 国际中文教学新视野 Teaching Chinese in International Contexts, 7, 25–34.Google Scholar
  18. Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  19. Mezirow, J. (1991). Transformative dimensions of adult learning. Review & expositor. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  20. Mezirow, J. (1997). Transformative learning: Theory to practice. New Directions for Adult & Continuing Education, 74, 5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mezirow, J. (2000). Learning to think like an adult: Core concepts of transformation theory. In J. Mezirow et al. (Eds.), Learning as transformation: Critical perspectives on a theory in progress (pp. 3–33). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  22. Milstein, T. (2005). Transformation abroad: Sojourning and the perceived enhancement of self-efficacy. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 29(2), 217–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Moore, J. (2005). Is higher education ready for transformative learning?: A question explored in the study of sustainability. Journal of Transformative Education, 3(1), 76–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Parker, B., & Dautoff, D. A. (2007). Service-learning and study abroad: Synergistic learning opportunities. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 13(2), 40–53.Google Scholar
  25. Patton, M. Q. (2001). Qualitative research & evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  26. Perry, L., Stoner, L., & Tarrant, M. (2012). More than a vacation: Short-term study abroad as a critically reflective, transformative learning experience. Creative Education, 3(5), 679–683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Peterson, C. (2002). Preparing engaged citizens: Three models of experiential education for social justice. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 8, 165–206.Google Scholar
  28. Smith, J., & McKitrick, A. (2010). Facilitating transformation through education: Promoting teaching of social responsibility and civic education for democracy. In J. Keshen, B. Holland, & B. Moely (Eds.), Research for what? Making engaged scholarship matter (pp. 47–70). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
  29. Smith, M. D. M., Jennings, L., & Lakhan, S. (2014). International education and service learning: Approaches toward cultural competency and social justice. The Counseling Psychologist, 42(8), 1188–1214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Toporek, R. L., Kwan, K., & Williams, R. (2012). Ethics and social justice in counseling psychology. In N. A. Fouad, J. Carter, & L. Subich (Eds.), APA handbook of counseling psychology: Vol. 2. Practice interventions, and applications (pp. 305–332). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Trilokekar, R. D., & Kukar, P. (2011). Disorienting experiences during study abroad: Reflections of pre-service teacher candidates. Teaching and Teacher Education, 27(7), 1141–1150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Vande Berg, M., Paige, R. M., & Lou, K. H. (2012). Student learning abroad: What our students are learning, what they’re not, and what we can do about it. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC.Google Scholar
  33. Yin, R. K. (2013). Applications of case study research. Applied Social Research Methods Series, 34, 173.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Wisconsin-Eau ClaireEau ClaireUSA

Personalised recommendations