The Drums of Parthenon’s North Colonnade: The Process of Structural Intervention and Results
The Acropolis monuments are globally recognized as a cultural heritage and a value belonging not only to Greece but also to humanity. From 2000 the most recent phase of restoration in their history began (by Acropolis Restoration Service (YSMA)), introducing new prototype methods, accepted all over the world.
Especially the restoration of Parthenon’s North Colonnade is an enormous work plan to be carried out (extended area of intervention, great number of the members to be restored, and high degree of the existed damages). Moreover, the structural stability is among the most important challenges confronted by experts working in this sector.
The complexity of this effort (a combination of scientific research and immediate application on the field) makes the attribution of the restoration project as a whole difficult, unless it is divided into parts of similar members.
Therefore, in the present paper some characteristic examples of the procedure followed for the structural intervention of the drums are presented. The restored drums are classified to their corresponding columns (fourth to eleventh) with codes representing their original position. They are characterized by a double number symbol. The first number indicates the column on which they belong (the columns counting starts from East to West; therefore the eight columns of the North’s Colonnade Restoration program have codes 4 to 11) and the second number their exact position on the specific column (the drums counting starts from the lowest drum – settled on the stylobate). For example, the drum 5.8 belongs to the fifth column and it stands in the eighth row.
Each member’s report includes a short story of its restoration; the steps’ sequence for the intervention, pictures, and sketches; and the methodology chosen for its structural study, focusing on the particularities of the member and the realization on the field [1, 2].
KeywordsClassical monuments Drums Fracture Restoration Titanium reinforcement
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