Basic Requirements for the Programming Approach

  • Franco Archibugi


The first time the concept of a ‘programming approach’ (PA) was set out in Frisch’s work was during the late 1950s and 1960s, when the development of national and regional plans spread throughout Western Europe as well in developing countries (during the first decade of development at the United Nations, United Nations Development Programme, World Bank, etc.).

Bibliographical References to Chapter 4 (Vol. I)

  1. Archibugi, F. (1992). ‘The resetting of planning studies’, in: A. Kuklinski, ed., Society, Science, Government, Warsaw: KBN.Google Scholar
  2. Archibugi, F. (2007). Planning Theory: From the Political Debate to the Methodological Reconstruction. Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Bjerkholt, O. (1995). An annotated bibliography of publications of R. Frisch.Google Scholar
  4. Edvardsen Kare, N. (2001). Ragnar Frisch: An Annotated Bibliography, Department of Economics, University of Oslo, DE-UO.Google Scholar
  5. Frisch, R. (1954). ‘La theorie de l’avantage collectif et les regions de Pareto’, ‘Economie Appliquée’, Tome VII, Numero 3, Juillet-Septembre.Google Scholar
  6. Frisch, R. (1957). Oslo Decision Models, etc. Memorandum, Institute of Economics, Univ. of Oslo.Google Scholar
  7. Frisch, R. (1958). ‘Generalities on Planning’, In: ‘L’Industria’, ottobre-dicembre 1958.Google Scholar
  8. Frisch, R. (1959). The principle of Recursive Planning.Google Scholar
  9. Frisch, R. (1961a). ‘Economic Planning and the Growth Problem in Developing Countries’, in: Stasoekonomisk Tidsskrift, 2/3, 1961. Repub. in: Frisch, R. (1976) F. Lang ed.Google Scholar
  10. Frisch, R. (1961b). ‘Numerical Determination of a Quadratic Preference Function for use in Macroeconomic Programming’. In: ‘Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia’, Vol. 20 (February 1961). [Repub. in: Olav Bjerkholt, ed. Foundations of Modern Econometrics. etc. (see) 1995, Vol. II, pp. 35–75].Google Scholar
  11. Frisch, R. (1965). ‘General Outlook on a method of advanced and democratic macroeconomic planning’, (paper presented at CIME Study Week, L’Aquila, 29 Agosto–7 Settembre 1965). In: de Finetti ed., Mathematical Optimization in Economics, Roma: Cremonese Edizioni 1966.Google Scholar
  12. Frisch, R. (1966). ‘A Generalized Form of the REFI Interflow Table’, in Kowalik, T. ed., Problems of economic dynamic and planning (Essays in honour of Michal Kalecki, Warszawa 1966, Polish Scientific Press (Pergamon Press).Google Scholar
  13. Long, Frank. (1976), ed., Ragnar Frisch Economic Planning Studies Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht.Google Scholar

Copyright information

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Franco Archibugi
    • 1
  1. 1.RomeItaly

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