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Introduction

  • Mikalai Filonchyk
  • Haowen Yan
Chapter

Abstract

Particulate matter (PM) is a widespread air pollutant, comprising a mixture of aerosols and liquid particles of the air in a suspended state. The indicators, commonly used to characterize the PM and relevant to health, include the mass concentration of particles with a diameter of less than 10 μm (PM10) and less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) (Pope and Dockery 2006; Shiraiwa et al. 2012). PM2.5, often called as fine suspended particles, also includes ultrafine particles with a diameter of less than 0.1 μm (Mcmurry et al. 2004; US EPA 2010; Fann and Risley 2013). Table 1.1 shows this size categorization concept. The PM with a diameter from 0.1 to 1 μm can exist in the air for many days and weeks, respectively, and also can be subjected to cross-border transport of air for long distances.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikalai Filonchyk
    • 1
  • Haowen Yan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geographic Information Science, Faculty of GeomaticsLanzhou Jiaotong UniversityLanzhouChina

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