Gross and Endoscopic Posterior Hip Anatomy

  • Luis Pérez-Carro
  • Moisés Fernández Hernando
  • Hermelinda Fernandez Escajadillo
  • Luis Cerezal
  • Ivan Saenz Navarro
  • Ana Alfonso Fernández
  • Alexander Ortiz Castillo
  • William Henry Márquez-Arabia


The deep gluteal space is anterior and beneath the gluteus maximus and posterior to the posterior border of the femoral neck, the linea aspera (lateral), the sacrotuberous and falciform fascia (medial), the inferior margin of the sciatic notch (superior), and the hamstring origin (inferior). Within the deep gluteal space, there are ligamentous, muscular, neurological, and vascular structures of great importance. The objective of this chapter will be to review the complex pertinent aspects of the gross and endoscopic deep gluteal space anatomy.


Hip arthroscopy Hip endoscopy Sciatic nerve entrapment Deep gluteal syndrome Piriformis syndrome Anatomy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis Pérez-Carro
    • 1
  • Moisés Fernández Hernando
    • 2
  • Hermelinda Fernandez Escajadillo
    • 3
  • Luis Cerezal
    • 4
  • Ivan Saenz Navarro
    • 5
  • Ana Alfonso Fernández
    • 6
  • Alexander Ortiz Castillo
    • 7
  • William Henry Márquez-Arabia
    • 8
    • 9
  1. 1.Clínica Mompia, Orthopedic Surgery DepartmentSanta Cruz de BezanaSpain
  2. 2.Diagnóstico Médico Cantabria (DMC), Musculoskeletal RadiologySantanderSpain
  3. 3.Clínica Mompia, Orthopedic DepartmentSanta Cruz de BezanaSpain
  4. 4.Diagnóstico Médico Cantabria (DMC), Department of RadiologySantanderSpain
  5. 5.University of Barcelona, Funacio Hospitalaria de Mollet, Department of Anatomy and Human Embriology/Trauma and Orthopaedic SurgeryMollet Del VallesSpain
  6. 6.Hospital Sierrallana, Orthopedic SurgeryTorrelavegaSpain
  7. 7.Hip Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine, Hospital Clínica Mompía, Orthopedic Surgery DepartmentSantanderSpain
  8. 8.Clínica Las Americas, Orthopedic SurgeryMedellinColombia
  9. 9.Sports Medicine ProgramSchool of MedicineMedellinColombia

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