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Periacetabular Osteotomy: Groin Incision-Assisted Approach

  • Fahad S. Alhuzaimi
  • Neil Saran
Chapter

Abstract

Acetabular dysplasia is a common cause of osteoarthritis. The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) as described by Ganz is a powerful tool that enables correction of inadequate femoral head coverage due to acetabular dysplasia. In addition to decreasing pressure forces on hip cartilage by increasing contact surface area, it can decrease joint reactive forces through medialization of the hip joint. Also, the osteotomy allows for correction of acetabular version. Since its inception in the mid-1980s, multiple modifications have been described. In this chapter, we will highlight a modification that utilizes a groin incision to perform the ischial and pubic cuts.

Keywords

Ganz osteotomy Bernese osteotomy Periacetabular osteotomy Two-incision  Medial approach Acetabular dysplasia 

Further Reading

  1. Clohisy JC, Barrett SE, Gordon JE, Delgado ED, Schoenecker PL. Periacetabular osteotomy in the treatment of severe acetabular dysplasia. Surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006;88(Suppl 1 Pt 1):65–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ganz R, Klaue K, Vinh TS, Mast JW. A new periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of hip dysplasias technique and preliminary results. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1988;(232):26–36.Google Scholar
  3. Leunig M, Siebenrock KA, Ganz R. Rationale of periacetabular osteotomy and background work. Instr Course Lect. 2001;50:229–38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Li YC, Wu KW, Huang SC, Wang TM, Kuo KN. Modified triple innominate osteotomy for acetabular dysplasia: for better femoral head medialization and coverage. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2012;21(3):193–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryShriners Hospital for Children CanadaMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryShriners Hospital for Children CanadaMontrealCanada

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