Clinical Remedial Interventions and Care for FGM Victims

  • Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
  • Paul Nzinga Komba


The preceding chapters can be viewed as an attempt for increasing health professional competency on FGM and its health risks on patients’ knowledge-building resources. This section offers an organised approach to clinical interventions and will be used to as an educational resource related to how to deal with patients with FGM in a clinical setting. In other words, this section can be used to initiate treatment and management of FGM patients. We follow Creighton and Hodes (2014) who have suggested that any clinical intervention and management should proceed as follows: (1) taking history and presentation (2) genital examination (3) management of FGM (4) safeguarding (5) Training. To these steps, we add monitoring and follow-up (6) for some interventions as well as consideration of ethical and cost affordability issues.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
    • 1
  • Paul Nzinga Komba
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics Physics and Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and EnvironmentNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Wolfson CollegeCambridgeUK

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