Mapping and Modelling of the FGM Prevalence

  • Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
  • Paul Nzinga Komba


The previous chapter provided a state-of-the-art evidence synthesis of all existing databases for FGM/C around the world. It provided accurate and quantifiable estimates of the trends within and between regions. Countries that have the biggest influence on the changes within the regions have been identified. Besides, we mapped FGM/C prevalence using the advanced spatial statistical approach. This was critically important in a bid to shed light on some unique spatial features that may advance our knowledge and understanding of the dynamics behind the FGM/C practice. This chapter provides a specific analysis on accurate and quantifiable estimates on FGM/C both at the global and in-country levels for selected states. The reason for such a move is due to the fact that previous studies have observed huge in-country variations in FGM trends without unearthing national prevalence (Kandala et al. 2009; Kandala and Komba 2015). We also highlight the spatial disparities of FGM/C within countries at the relevant sub-national levels, to the extent, that these mask the prevalence that could be compared within the framework of efforts to eradicate the practice.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
    • 1
  • Paul Nzinga Komba
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics Physics and Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and EnvironmentNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Wolfson CollegeCambridgeUK

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