Litigation and Remedies for the Victims

  • Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
  • Paul Nzinga Komba


The previous chapters has analyzed the international and regional instruments on which FGM victims can rely in order to seek relief before judicial and quasi-judicial regional and international forums. We now turn to some of matters, which must be established when seeking such a relief for the victims. The focus will be on Africa, although it is plain that the jurisprudence emanating from inter-American and European as well as international courts may be used effectively in order to obtain a remedy before African and international bodies.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
    • 1
  • Paul Nzinga Komba
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics Physics and Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and EnvironmentNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Wolfson CollegeCambridgeUK

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