Isolation, Optimization, and Combination of Individual Enhancements

  • Ting Guo
Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)


This chapter discusses how to combine different categories and types of enhancement in X-ray nanochemistry. The chapter summarizes how to isolate and maximize several enhancements, and then describes three cases of combining different enhancements. Algorithms governing these combinations are presented as well. Specifically, an addition algorithm for combination of types 1 and 2 physical enhancement, a multiplication algorithm for combination of type 1 physical enhancement and type 1 chemical enhancement, and a subtraction algorithm involving anti-enhancement, which is a special kind of type 2 chemical enhancement, are presented.


Addition algorithm of enhancements Anti-enhancement Chemical enhancement Combination of individual enhancements Enhancement algorithms Multiplication algorithm of enhancements Optimization of enhancement Subtraction algorithm of enhancements 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ting Guo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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