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Sex Differences in Regulation of Blood Pressure

  • Jane F. Reckelhoff
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1065)

Abstract

Hypertension is one of the leading risk factors for cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction, and stroke. There are gender differences in the prevalence of hypertension and in the mechanisms responsible for hypertension in humans. This review will discuss the mechanisms for regulation of blood pressure, sex differences that have been identified in animal studies, and the gender differences that have been identified in humans.

Keywords

Hypertension Obesity Metabolic syndrome Postmenopausal women Hypogonadism Immune system-mediated hypertension Androgens Estrogens Endothelin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by NIH grants, R01HL66072, R01HL67028, P01HL51971, and P20GM121334.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cell and Molecular Biology and Women’s Health Research Center and The Mississippi Center of Excellence in Perinatal ResearchUniversity of Mississippi Medical CenterJacksonUSA

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