Cranial Ultrasonography: Technical Aspects

  • Gerda Meijler
  • Sylke J. Steggerda


For good-quality and safe CUS examinations, the following conditions need to be fulfilled: a high-quality modern ultrasound machine with appropriate transducers to enable optimal image quality and a sonographer who is aware of the special needs of the sick and/or preterm neonate and who is sufficiently experienced in CUS.


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Further Reading

  1. Couture A et al (2001) Advanced cranial ultrasound: transfontanellar Doppler imaging in neonates. Eur Radiol 11:2399–2341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Daneman A, Epelman M (2015) Neurosonography: in pursuit of an optimised examination. Pediatr Radiol 45:S406–S412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ecury-Goossen GM et al (2015) State of the art cranial ultrasound imaging in neonates. J Vis Exp 2:e52238Google Scholar
  4. Miller E et al (2012) Colour Doppler US of normal cerebral venous sinuses in neonates: a comparison with MR venography. Pediatr Radiol 42:1070–1079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Meijler G et al (2016) Neonatal cranial ultrasonography. Diagnostic pediatric ultrasound, 1st edn. Beek E, van Rijn RRGoogle Scholar
  6. Steggerda SJ et al (2009) Neonatal cranial ultrasonography: how to optimise its performance. Early Hum Dev 85:93–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. van Wezel-Meijler G et al (2010) Cranial ultrasonography in neonates: role and limitations. Semin Perinatol 34:28–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. van Wezel-Meijler G, de Vries LS (2014) Cranial ultrasound—optimising utility in the NICU. Curr Pediatr Rev 10(1):16–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerda Meijler
    • 1
  • Sylke J. Steggerda
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeonatologyIsala Women and Children’s HospitalZwolleThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of NeonatologyLeiden University Medical CenterLeidenThe Netherlands

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