Future Research

  • Konstantinos Dimopoulos
  • Alessia David
Part of the Congenital Heart Disease in Adolescents and Adults book series (CHDAA)


As heart failure is becoming ever more common in congenital heart disease (CHD), there is increasing need for studies to support clinical practice. Indeed, most practice in CHD is based on soft evidence from cohort studies and expert consensus, resulting in significant variation. This chapter provides an overview of the areas of need and potential future research in congenital heart disease and heart failure.


Research Risk stratification Therapy Prevention Genetics 



Angiotensin-converting enzyme


Congenital heart disease


Pulmonary arterial hypertension


Pulmonary arterial hypertension related to congenital heart disease


Single nucleotide polymorphisms


Total cavopulmonary connection


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konstantinos Dimopoulos
    • 1
  • Alessia David
    • 2
  1. 1.Adult Congenital Heart Centre and National Centre for Pulmonary HypertensionRoyal Brompton Hospital and Imperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Centre for Bioinformatics and System BiologyImperial College LondonLondonUK

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