Elimination of Hydrocarbons Spills on Water Objects and Fluorescent Diagnostics of Water Pureness

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

This paper presents a review of existing methods and sorbents for elimination of hydrocarbons spills from the water surface. The characteristics and operating principles of the existing devices are described. Experimental study of the sorption capacity of various substances and the usage of these substances for the elimination of hydrocarbon contamination of water surface are made. The measurements have shown that raw sheep’s wool absorbs at least 6 times its weight in oil and other hydrocarbons. The sample of the device for liquidation of hydrocarbons spills on the surface of water is designed. The designed device can be used to eliminate surface spills of various hydrocarbons on water objects in two modes: from a board of surface craft and from waterfront.

Keywords

Sorption capacity Sorption Hydrocarbons Sheep’s wool Fluorescent diagnostics 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The work was supported by the Foundation of assistance to development of small forms of enterprises in scientific-technical sphere (Foundation for the promotion of innovation, FASIE), Contract № 1463ГC1/22762.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of PhysicsLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.A. Yu. Ishlinsky Institute for Problems in Mechanics RASMoscowRussia

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