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Nonlinear Dielectric Effect in Critical Liquids

  • Sylwester J. Rzoska
  • Aleksandra Drozd-Rzoska
  • Szymon Starzonek
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Dielectrics book series (ADVDIELECT)

Abstract

The nonlinear dielectric effect (NDE) describes changes of dielectric constant under the strong electric field, with the metric defined \( \left( {\varepsilon \left( E \right) - \varepsilon \left( {E \to 0} \right)} \right)/E^{2} \). This contribution discusses (i) miscibility, (ii) the isotropic phase of nematic liquid crystals, and (iii) the supercooled nitrobenzene. For comparison, the precritical evolution of \( \varepsilon = \varepsilon \left( {E \to 0} \right) \) is also presented. The discussion is extended for dynamic issues related to the “linear” and “nonlinear” relaxation times. Finally, basic problems of the dual-field NDE experimental technique are briefly presented.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The preparation of contribution by National Centre for Science (NCN, Poland) via the grant ref. 2016/21/B/ST3/02203 (A. Drozd-Rzoska and S. Starzonek) and grant ref. 2017/25/B/ST3/02458 (Sylwester J. Rzoska).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sylwester J. Rzoska
    • 1
  • Aleksandra Drozd-Rzoska
    • 1
  • Szymon Starzonek
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of High Pressure PhysicsPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

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