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Nonresonant Spectral Hole Burning in Liquids and Solids

  • Ralph V. Chamberlin
  • Roland Böhmer
  • Ranko Richert
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Dielectrics book series (ADVDIELECT)

Abstract

A review of nonresonant spectral hole burning (NHB) is given. NHB utilizes a large-amplitude, low-frequency pump oscillation in an externally applied field to modify the response of a sample nonlinearly, then a small probe step is applied to measure its modified response. When combined with other techniques, NHB indicates that the non-exponential relaxation in most substances comes from an ensemble of independently relaxing regions, with length scales on the order of nanometers. Various models are presented, focusing on a “box” model that gives excellent agreement with NHB measurements, often with no adjustable parameters. The box model is based on energy absorption that changes the local “fictive” temperature of slow degrees of freedom in spectrally selected regions, with a return to equilibrium only after this excess energy flows into the heat bath. A physical foundation for such thermodynamic heterogeneity is presented, based on concepts from nanothermodynamics. Guided by this approach, a Landau-like theory and Ising-spin model are described that yield several features found in glassforming liquids. Examples of results from NHB are shown, with special emphasis on dielectric hole burning (DHB) of liquids and magnetic hole burning (MHB) of solids.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Current work in the general area covered in this article is supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft under Grant No. BO1301/14-1. We thank Thomas Blochowicz for kindly sharing data and figures from Ref. [66].

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph V. Chamberlin
    • 1
  • Roland Böhmer
    • 2
  • Ranko Richert
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.Fakultät Physik, Technische Universität DortmundDortmundGermany
  3. 3.School of Molecular SciencesArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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