Advertisement

Logos of Life and Logos of Science. Metaphysical Advice

  • Gianfranco Bosio
Chapter
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume CXXI)

Abstract

The essay is intended to delineate the fundamental profile of a general ontology of life, held to be an unavoidable necessity for a well-founded idea of the unification of knowledge and of every practice in human research. Modern and contemporary science neglect and almost forget the specificity and originality of the primordial phenomenon of life. Philosophy falls victim to the same mistake and separates the domains of spirit and the human sciences from their root in life; this is precisely the dimension that we intend to recover. Following Husserl, Scheler, and Jonas, we believe that the fundamental core of the primordial phenomenon of life is to be found in the idea of “force,” since it is a dimension that contemporary physicalism is unable to grasp in its specificity. Beyond these great philosophers, we also follow the original approaches of philosophically gifted scientists such as L. von Bertalanffy, F. Capra, H. Maturana and F. Varela. At the conclusion of this contribution, we advise that the fundamental ontology of life would be a task that is just preliminary to the unveiling of the dimension of spirit, rather than the exclusive and last purpose of philosophy.

Keywords

Logos Nature Life Science Subjectivity 

Works Cited

  1. Bertalanffy, Ludwig von. 1976. General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications. New York: George Braziller, rev. ed. Print.Google Scholar
  2. Bosio, Franco. 2000. Filosofia e scienza della natura nel pensiero di Max Scheler. Padova: Il Poligrafo. Print.Google Scholar
  3. ———. 2006. Natura, mente e persona. La sfida dell’intelligenza artificiale. Padova: Il Poligrafo. Print.Google Scholar
  4. ———. 2008a. Filosofia dell’intelligenza artificiale e fenomenologia della vita e della mente. In Intenzionalità ed empatia. Fenomenologia, psicologia, neuroscienze, 19–46. Roma: Edizioni OCD. Print.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 2008b. Natura e vita nel pensiero di Max Scheler. Pensare il bios 5: 53–69. B@belonprint, Rivista di Filosofia. Web.Google Scholar
  6. Capra, Fritjof. 1996. The Web of Life: A New Synthesis of Mind and Matter. London: Harper Collins. Print.Google Scholar
  7. ———. 2003. The Hidden Connections: A Science for Sustainable Living. London: Flamingo. Print.Google Scholar
  8. Heidegger, Martin. 2002. The Age of the World Picture. In Martin Heidegger, Off the Beaten Track. Trans. Kenneth Haynes and ed. Julian Young, 57–85. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  9. Husserl, Edmund. 1970. The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. Trans. David Carr. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  10. Jonas, Hans. 1976. On the Power or Impotence of Subjectivity. In Philosophical Dimensions of Neuro-Medical Sciences, ed. S.F. Spicker and H.T. Engelhardt, 143–160. Dordrecht/Boston: D. Reidel Publishing Co. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. ———. 1994. Philosophy at the End of the Century: Retrospect and Prospect. Social Research 61: 812–832. Print.Google Scholar
  12. ———. 1996. Matter, Mind and Creation. In Mortality and Morality: A Search for Good After Auschwitz, ed. Lawrence Vogel, 165–197. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  13. ———. 2001. Cybernetics and Purpose: A Critique. In The Phenomenon of Life. Toward a Philosophical Biology, ed. Hans Jonas, 3rd ed., 108–127. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  14. Lovelock, James. 1979. Gaia: A new look at life on earth. Oxford: Oxford University Press Print.Google Scholar
  15. ———. 1988. The Ages of Gaia. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. Print.Google Scholar
  16. ———. 2006. The Revenge of Gaia: Why the Earth Is Fighting Back and How We Can Still Save Humanity. Santa Barbara: Allen Lane Print.Google Scholar
  17. Maturana, Humberto, and Francisco Varela. 1980. Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living. Boston: D. Reidel. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. ———. 1987. The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding. Boston: Shambhala. Print.Google Scholar
  19. Scheler, Max. 1960. In Erkenntnis und Arbeit. Wert und Grenzen des pragmatischen Motivs in der Erkenntnis der Welt, Gesammelte Werke, ed. Maria Scheler, vol. 8. Bern: Francke. Print.Google Scholar
  20. ———. 1976. In Idealismus-Realismus. Späte Schriften, Gesammelte Werke, ed. Manfred S. Frings, vol. 9. Bern: Francke. Print.Google Scholar
  21. Schrödinger, Erwin. 1944. What Is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell – Mind and Matter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Print.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianfranco Bosio
    • 1
  1. 1.University of VeronaVeronaItaly

Personalised recommendations