The Transcendental Philosophy of Krishnachandra: An Indian Approach to Human Life

  • Koushik Joardar
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume CXXI)


The present article humbly proposes that, inspired by Kant, one of the greatest modern Indian philosophers, Krishnachandra Bhattacharyya, was doing a sort of phenomenology in the name of “Transcendental Psychology” without knowing of the existence of Husserl and his works. The task of a philosopher or the reflecting consciousness, says Krishnachandra, is to practice a kind of regress towards transcendental subjectivity in order to realize the subject as freedom. At the final stage of this, the subject-object distinction vanishes altogether and thereby the Absolute is achieved. Krishnachandra, being influenced by Kantian-Hegelian philosophy and being committed to the Indian philosophical tradition, has advocated a special kind of phenomenology that is both descriptive and prescriptive. The goal of his transcendental philosophy is mokṣa (liberation).


Phenomenology Transcendental psychology Subjectivity Freedom Absolute mokṣa 

Works Cited

  1. Bhattacharyya, Krishnachandra. 1983. Studies in Philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidas. Print.Google Scholar
  2. Kant, Immanuel. 2003. Critique of Pure Reason. Trans. J.M.D. Meiklejohn, New York: Dover Publications. Print.Google Scholar
  3. Ricoeur, Paul. 2007. Husserl: An Analysis of His Phenomenology. Evanston: Northern University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  4. Sartre, Jean Paul. 1966. Being and Nothingness. New York: Washington Square Press. Print.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koushik Joardar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of North BengalDarjeelingIndia

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