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Damping in Materials and Structures: An Overview

  • Yvon ChevalierEmail author
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 90)

Abstract

For ordinary people, mechanical damping is the attenuation of a motion over time under possible eventual external actions. The phenomenon is produced by the loss or dissipation of energy during motion and thus time. The concept of real time is therefore at the center of the phenomenon of damping and given the recent scientific contributions (of gravitational waves in 2016), the notion of space-time calls for reflections and comments. The systemic approach of the phenomenon taking into account the mechanical system, its input and output variables (generalized forces or displacements) allows a very convenient analysis of the phenomenon. We insist on the differences between a phenomenon and a system: the causality, the linearity, the hysteresis are for example properties of phenomena and not properties of system; on the other hand we can consider dissipative or non-dissipative systems. We describe some macroscopic dissipation mechanisms in structures and some microscopic dissipation at the molecular level in materials or mesoscopic dissipation in composites materials. After specifying the notion of internal forces of a system we present some classical dissipative mechanisms currently used: viscous dissipation, friction dissipation, micro-frictions. The purpose of this presentation is not to list new dissipative systems but to point out a number of errors, both scientific and technical, which are frequently committed.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Quartz LaboratoryInstitute Superior of Mechanic of Paris (ISMEP-SUPMECA)Saint OuenFrance

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