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Application of Myconanotechnology in the Sustainable Management of Crop Production System

  • Deepanwita Deka
  • Jintu Rabha
  • Dhruva Kumar Jha
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Nanoscience deals with the manipulation of materials at atomic, molecular and macromolecular scales, where properties differ significantly from those at a larger scale. Nanotechnology has since long been successfully used in fields like medicine, environmental science, agriculture, etc. Though nanotechnology has been applied in production, processing, storing, packaging and transport of agricultural products, its application in crop protection and production is a less-researched area. Nanoparticles are synthesized using chemical and physical methods; this, however, involves the use of toxic chemicals besides high-energy requirement for their production. Scientists, therefore, are trying to synthesize metallic nanoparticles using living organisms such as bacteria, fungi and plants to avoid toxicity. The production of nanoparticles through biological methods is cheap, reliable, safe, easy to handle and nontoxic. A diverse range of fungi have been used for the production of nanoparticles using different metals. In recent years, nanofungicides, nanopesticides and nanoherbicides are extensively being used in agriculture. Nanoparticle-mediated gene transfer would be useful for generating resistance in crops against pathogens and pests. This chapter gives an overview of production of myconanoparticles using different fungal species and its potential applications in agriculture for enhancing crop production by improving growth and protection against different diseases. It will also include amelioration of toxicity of chemical pesticides, insecticides, herbicides and chemical nanoparticles on plant ecosystem. The knowledge of environment-friendly myconanotechnology can play an important role in the field of agriculture for sufficient production of food for the overgrowing population of the world.

Keywords

Myconanotechnology Environment friendly Nanofungicides Nanopesticides Nanoherbicides Plant protection Phytopathogen 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deepanwita Deka
    • 1
  • Jintu Rabha
    • 1
  • Dhruva Kumar Jha
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbial Ecology Laboratory, Department of BotanyGauhati UniversityGuwahatiIndia

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