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Mass Wasting: An Overview

  • S. P. PradhanEmail author
  • Tariq Siddique
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research book series (NTHR, volume 50)

Abstract

Mass wasting is a natural phenomenon by which rock, soil and/or debris move downwards due to the action of gravity. It describes all the processes that act continuously with varied intensity on all type of slopes to lower the ground surface. The mass wasting process is controlled by the interaction of geological agents and processes with the geo-materials. The degree and type of movements depend upon a few aspects of geology, environment, geomorphology, hydrology, and some additional environmental stress factors, including biotic factors. It is more active in hilly regions like Himalayas, Western Ghats, Alps, and some other extensive mountain chains of the world. Sometimes it becomes disastrous to lives, property and economy. This chapter gives an overview of mass wasting processes and its classification. Some widely used mass movement classification schemes have been documented.

Keywords

Mass wasting Landslides Slope failures Natural hazards 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesIIT RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeologyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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