Northern Ireland: Autonomy as a Conflict Management Tool in a Stable State, Ethnonational Guarantors, and Low-Level International Assistance
This chapter examines the use of territorial self-government in Northern Ireland. It provides a concise overview of the conflict, focused on the role of territorial self-government. It then addresses how the 1998 Good Friday/Belfast Agreement provided for TSG to meet the needs of nationalists in Northern Ireland to have a strong connection to Ireland while respecting unionist desires to maintain the link with Great Britain. However, it also highlights that these arrangements were an uneasy compromise and that the British and Irish governments, and friendly states particularly the US, had to provide reassurance that the institutions would be faithfully implemented. It finds that the relationship between the guarantee provider and guarantee seeker, rather than the theoretical strength, of a guarantee determines whether it is effective.
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