Delayed Reconstruction of Frontofacial Defects and Deformation

  • Nicolas HardtEmail author


Specific problems arise during the delayed reconstruction of posttraumatic craniofacial defects and deformations, which have to be treated for both aesthetic and functional reasons (Evans et al. 1985; Manson et al. 1986; Merten and Luhr 1994; Kuttenberger et al. 1996; Sullivan and Manson 1998).
  • An anatomically, functionally, and aesthetically correct reconstruction of the craniofacial structures protects the brain from damage and late injuries and avoids secondary neurological disturbances, infections, and stigmatizing disconfiguration.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinic of Cranio-Maxillofacial SurgeryLuzerner KantonsspitalLuzernSwitzerland

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