Social Movements and the Change of Economic Elites in Europe After 1945. The Belgian Case
The world wars of the twentieth century have always been considered as rifts in history, as moments of change. The example of the First World War, with the disappearance of the European Old Regimes, the breakthrough of communism in Russia and the broadening of the democracies in Western Europe are all significant for this proposition. The outcome of the Second World War is another moment of change, but here views are much more divergent and certainly in Western Europe tendencies of change alternate with apparent tendencies of continuity. The example of the Belgian case and the way in which social movements, born out of the resistance to German occupation, succeeded or failed to impose themselves as motors of change in the post-war years are significant in this way.