Nanoscale Architecture for Controlling Cellular Mechanoresponse in Musculoskeletal Tissues

  • Francesco Oliva
  • Clelia Rugiero
  • Umberto Tarantino
  • Nicola Maffulli
Chapter
Part of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine book series (STEMCELL)

Abstract

Cellular mechanoresponse is not very known yet, especially if we consider the function of nanoscale architecture. First, we need understand the tissue behavior on macroscale and how this feature is transduced in microscale. How the musculoskeletal system (bone, cartilage, tendons, muscles, and ligaments) responses to prestress and to external forces still is unknown for several aspects. Furthermore, focusing the attention to macroscale and microscale changes in the musculoskeletal system after injuries seems very interesting. Try to clarify this knowledge; it is very important to create nanoscale scaffolds able to better improve musculoskeletal tissue healing.

Keywords

Musculoskeletal tissues healing Mechanotransduction Scaffolds Nanoscale engineering Bone Tendon Muscle Ligament 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Oliva
    • 1
  • Clelia Rugiero
    • 1
  • Umberto Tarantino
    • 1
  • Nicola Maffulli
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, School of MedicineUniversity of Rome “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Centre for Sports and Exercise MedicineQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Barts and The London School of Medicine and DentistryMile End Hospital LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Department of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineUniversity of SalernoFiscianoItaly

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