This chapter considers the subjective experiences of single women in Shanghai against the globalized conceptual backdrop of creative work. It departs from existing scholarship on creative work in two ways. First, it chooses to suspend the concerns surrounding exploitation and alienation in lieu of an empirical investigation of what Hesmondhalgh and Baker call “good work.” It recuperates what these women have to say about good work, and how they get it done, especially concerning chuangye (setting up a business). Second, this investigation seeks not only to look at their creative work, but also to examine its intricate connections with single life. Three scenarios are identified: first, some report mutual constitution of creative work and singlehood; second, some choose creative work to capitalize on its flexibility and autonomy in order to lead their single lives; and finally, some are wrestling with the success of their creative work, finding it difficult to find compatible life partners.
- Beck, Ulrich. What Is Globalization. Cambridge: Polity, 2000.Google Scholar
- Branigan, Tania. “Five Chinese Feminists Held over International Women’s Day Plans.” The Guardian, March 12, 2015, sec. World news. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/12/five-chinese-feminists-held-international-womens-day.
- Breman, Jan. “A Bogus Concept?” New Left Review, no. 84 (2013): 130–38.Google Scholar
- Bruns, Axel. Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and Beyond: From Production to Produsage. New York: Peter Lang, 2008.Google Scholar
- Chow, Yiu Fai. “Exploring Creative Class Mobility: Hong Kong Creative Workers in Shanghai and Beijing.” Eurasian Geography and Economics, 2017, 1–25.Google Scholar
- Chow, Yiu Fai. “The Aspiration, the Precarious, the Ethical: Hong Kong Creative Workers in Mainland China.” China Information, Forthcoming.Google Scholar
- Conor, Bridget, Rosalind Gill, and Stephanie Taylor. “Gender and Creative Labour.” The Sociological Review 63, no. 1_suppl (2015a): 1–22.Google Scholar
- Conor, Bridget, Rosalind Gill, and Stephanie Taylor, eds. “Special Issue: Gender and Creative Labour.” The Sociological Review 63, no. 1_suppl (2015b).Google Scholar
- Florida, Richard. The Rise of the Creative Class. New York: Basic Books, 2002.Google Scholar
- Gregg, Melissa. Work’s Intimacy. London: Polity Press, 2011.Google Scholar
- Hartley, John. “Creative Industries.” In Creative Industries, edited by John Hartley, 1–40. Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.Google Scholar
- Heelas, Paul. “Work Ethics, Soft Capitalism and the ‘Turn to Life.’” In Cultural Economy: Cultural Analysis and Commercial Life, edited by Paul du Gay and Michael Pryke, 78–96. London: SAGE, 2002.Google Scholar
- Hermes, Joke, ed. “Special Issue: Labour and Passion.” European Journal of Cultural Studies 18, no. 2 (2015).Google Scholar
- Hesmondhalgh, David, and Sarah Baker. Creative Labour: Media Work in Three Cultural Industries. London: Routledge, 2011.Google Scholar
- Hochschild, Arlie Russell. The Outsourced Self: Intimate Life in Market Times. 1 edition. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2012.Google Scholar
- Hu, Youwang (胡友旺), Sun Yanbao (孙艳宝), and Sun Xiaoyan (孙小燕). “儒家思想对大学生创业精神的消极影响及其对策 [The Negative Influence of Confucianism on the Entrepreneurship of College Students and Its Remedy].” 湖南师范大学教育科学学报 [Hunan Shifan Daxuae Jiaoyu Kexue Xuebao] 11, no. 5 (2012): 122–25.Google Scholar
- Jenkins, Henry. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: NYU Press, 2006.Google Scholar
- Kücklich, Julian. “Precarious Playbour: Modders and the Digital Games Industry.” Fibreculture Journal, no. 5 (2005).Google Scholar
- Kuehn, Kathleen, and Thomas F. Corrigan. “Hope Labor: The Role of Employment Prospects in Online Social Production.” The Political Economy of Communication 1, no. 1 (2013).Google Scholar
- Li, Yan (李艳), and Li Hefeng (李禾丰). “创业文化是传统客家文化的精髓 [Entrepreneurial Culture Is the Essence of Traditional Hakka Culture].” 江西农业大学学报:社会科学版 [Jiangxi Nongye Daxue Xuebao: Shehuikexue Ban] 8, no. 1 (2009): 147–50.Google Scholar
- Liu, Tian (刘天). “传统道德教育与大学生创业 [Traditional Moral Education and College Students’ Entrepreneurship].” 中国青年研究 [Zhongguo Qingnian Yanjiu], no. 11 (2008): 95–98.Google Scholar
- McRobbie, Angela. Be Creative: Making a Living in the New Culture Industries. 1 edition. Cambridge, UK; Malden, MA: Polity, 2016.Google Scholar
- Raunig, Gerald. Factories of Knowledge, Industries of Creativity. Los Angeles, CA: Semiotext(e), 2013.Google Scholar
- Ross, Andrew. No-Collar: The Humane Workplace and Its Hidden Costs. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2004.Google Scholar
- Scholz, Trebor, ed. Digital Labor: The Internet as Playground and Factory. New York: Routledge, 2013.Google Scholar
- Standing, Guy. The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class. London; New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2011.Google Scholar
- Tokumitsu, Miya. “In the Name of Love.” Jacobin Magazine, January 12, 2014. http://jacobinmag.com/2014/01/in-the-name-of-love/.
- Torras, Marta Mensa, and Jean M. Grow. “Creative Women in Peru: Outliers in a Machismo World.” Communication & Society, 2015, 1–18.Google Scholar
- Xie, Wenqing (谢文庆). “儒家思想对大学生创业精神的积极影响—兼与胡友旺等先生商榷 [The Positive Influence of Confucianism on the Entrepreneurship of College Students—A Discussion with Mr. Hu Youwang et al.].” 湖南师范大学教育科学学报 [Hunan Shifan Daxuae Jiaoyu Kexue Xuebao] 12, no. 1 (2013): 116–19.Google Scholar
- Yan, Alice. “How a Ban Is Forcing China’s Single Women to Put Their Fertility on Ice Overseas.” South China Morning Post, August 20, 2017. http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2107287/how-ban-forcing-chinas-leftover-women-abroad-freeze-their-eggs.
- Yang, Xianmei (杨先梅). “中国传统文化在大学生创业精神培育中的价值研究 [A Study on the Value of Chinese Traditional Culture in Cultivating College Students’ Entrepreneurship].” 国网技术学院学报 [Guowang Jishu Xueyuan Xuebao] 18, no. 3 (2015): 73–76.Google Scholar