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Postharvest Biology and Technology of Plum

  • Ahmad Sattar Khan
  • Zora Singh
  • Sajid Ali
Chapter

Abstract

Plums are highly perishable fruit. The short postharvest life confines their supply to distant markets. Among various factors, rapid softening, higher respiration, and ethylene production are most critical for the safe and prolonged storage of plums. The short postharvest life poses a serious restraint for its proper storage and transportation. The rapid postharvest fruit softening and successive microbial infestations lead to significant economic losses during supply chain and marketing of plums. The storage of plums under low temperature is recommended for the extension of its storage life. However, the extended low-temperature storage leads to various physiological disorders, such as chilling injury, internal browning, flesh reddening, abnormal ripening, gel formation, reddish discoloration, flesh breakdown, increased decay, and the loss of consumer acceptance. Adopting improved production and postharvest management protocols, as well as in-depth understanding of the physiology of plum fruit, may facilitate the extension of storage life and maintenance of its quality.

Keywords

Color metabolism Ethylene production Fruit ripening Oxidative stress Physiological disorders Intermittent warming Postharvest quality Preharvest sprays 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Sattar Khan
    • 1
  • Zora Singh
    • 2
  • Sajid Ali
    • 1
  1. 1.Postharvest Research and Training Centre, Institute of Horticultural SciencesUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Curtin Horticulture Research Laboratory, School of Molecular and Life SciencesCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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