Advertisement

Specter of War

  • Mirjana Ristic
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Cultural Heritage and Conflict book series (PSCHC)

Abstract

This chapter explores the role that the post-war reconstruction of architecture plays in mediating ethnic conflict in Sarajevo after the siege. By focusing on the different architectural strategies through which the city has dealt with the heritage of the war in its urban fabric of damaged and destroyed buildings, the chapter elaborates on the effects of such architectural interventions on the transformation of the city’s post-war urban fabric and place identity. The argument is that the reconstruction has operated largely as a further erasure of multi-cultural symbols from the cityscape, while new ethnic symbols are being territorialized in the urban landscapes of both Sarajevo and East Sarajevo. Although some pre-war multi-ethnic symbols have been restored, such representation often camouflages different forms of post-war ethnic domination and marginalization.

References

  1. Ahmetašević, N. (2016, December 12). Narodna čitaona: Vijećnica je naša [People’s Reading Room: The City Hall Is Ours]. Bilten. http://www.bilten.org/?p=16269. Accessed 25 Oct 2017.
  2. Akšamija, A. (2010). Contested Identities: Identity Politics and Contemporary Mosques in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In S. Allievi (Ed.), Mosques in Europe: Why a Solution Has Become a Problem (pp. 318–354). London: Alliance Publishing Trust.Google Scholar
  3. Al Jazeera. (2014, June 12). Vučić neće u Sarajevo zbog ploče na Vijećnici [Vučić Is Not Going to Sarajevo Because of the Plaque on the City Hall]. Al Jazeera Balkans. http://balkans.aljazeera.net/vijesti/vucic-ne-ide-u-sarajevo-na-stogodisnjicu-prvog-svjetskog-rata-0. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  4. Alić, D. (2002). Site of Memory and History: Sarajevo Town Hall (Vijecnica). In S. Akkach (Ed.), De-Placing Differences, Architecture, Culture and Imaginative Geography, 3rd Symposium, Centre for Asian and Middle Eastern Architecture (CAMEA), The University of Adelaide, Australia.Google Scholar
  5. Badescu, G. (2014). City Makers, Urban Reconstruction and Coming to Terms with the Past in Sarajevo. In B. Kotzen & S. Garcia (Eds.), Reconstructing Sarajevo: Negotiating Socio-political Complexity. London: LSE Cities.Google Scholar
  6. Bajić, B. (2011, January 12). Srpski narod nije kriv za Markale [Serbian People Is Not Guilty for Markale Massacre]. http://www.banjalukain.com/blog/srpski-narod-nije-kriv-za-markale. Accessed 12 Sept 2011.
  7. Barry, E. (1999). How the Vijecnica Was Lost: All the Sympathy in the World Hasn’t Rebuilt the Sarajevo Library. Metropolis Magazine, 18(9), 108–113.Google Scholar
  8. Bečar, L. (2015, February 2). Vijećnica ponovo na prodaju? [City Hall for Sale Again?]. Balkan Diskurs. http://www.balkandiskurs.com/2015/02/02/vijecnica-ponovo-na-prodaju/. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  9. Bećirbašić, B. (2008, April 11). 99. džamija za multietničko Sarajevo [99 Mosques for the Multi-ethnic Sarajevo]. BH Dani.Google Scholar
  10. Bećirbašić, B. (2010, April 8). Važno je sačuvato vanjske tragove opsade [It Is Important to Preserve Traces of the Siege]. Dani. http://www.bhdani.com/default.asp?kat=txt&broj_id=669&tekst_rb=18. Accessed 12 Sept 2011.
  11. Bošnjaci. (2005, February 11). Spektakulrano otvoreni "Avazovi” tornjevi [Avaz Towers Opened Spectacularly]. http://www.politika.rs/rubrike/Beograd/Titovo-ime-nosi-osam-ulica-na-obodu-Beograda.lt.html. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  12. Cerović, E. (2008, April 18). Teheran nije glavni grad [Teheran Is Not the Capital City]. Portal NWBiH.com. http://nwbih.com/news.cgi?ref1=1386. Accessed 12 Sept 2011.
  13. Commission, to Preserve National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina. (2006). Gradska vijećnica, historijska građevina [City Hall, Historic Building]. Komisija za očuvanje nacionalnih spomenika. http://old.kons.gov.ba/main.php?id_struct=6&lang=1&action=view&id=2860. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  14. Coolin. (2014, May 31). Skandalozno: EU delegaciji smeta ploča na ulazu u Vijećnicu! [Scandalous: The EU Delegation Minds the Plaque at the Entrance to the City Hall]. brzevijesti.ba. http://www.brzevijesti.ba/clanak/14478/skandalozno-eu-delegaciji-smeta-ploca-na-ulazu-u-vijecnicu. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  15. Čubro, M. (2010, May 10). Vijećnica: Ima para, a nikom se ne žuri [City Hall: There Is Enough Money, but Nobody Is in Rush]. Postal Sarajevo.ba. http://sarajevo.co.ba/vijecnica-ima-para-a-nikom-se-ne-zuri/. Accessed 12 Sept 2011.
  16. Đerković, A. (2010, November 14). Trijumf (raz)graditelja [The Triumph of the (de)constructors]. radiosarajevo.ba. http://www.radiosarajevo.ba/content/view/37249/90/. Accessed 12 Sept 2011.
  17. Djugum, A. (2011, September 8). Sarajevska Vijećnica vraća stari sjaj [Sarajevo City Hall Shines Again] Radio Slobodna Evropa. https://www.slobodnaevropa.org/a/sarajevska_vijecnica_vraca_stari_sjaj/24321238.html. Accessed 31 Oct 2017.
  18. Dnevni Avaz. (2008, June 23). Tone li Zgrada institucija BiH?! [Does the Building of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian Institutions Sink ?!]. Dnevni Avaz. http://parco.gov.ba/hr/2008/06/23/tone-li-zgrada-institucija-bih/. Accessed 12 Sept 2012.
  19. Donia, R. (2006). Sarajevo: A Biography. London: Hurst & Co.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. FENA. (2006, September 12). Sarajevska pivara postala većinski vlasnik “Oslobođenja” [Sarajevo Brewery Became the Major Owner of “Oslobođenje”]. Oslobođenje. https://www.klix.ba/vijesti/bih/sarajevska-pivara-postala-vecinski-vlasnik-oslobodjenja/060912022. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  21. FENA. (2011, December 5). Replika zgošćanskog stećka uljepšava Trg Bosne i Hercegovine [Replica of Zgosca Stecak Prettifies the Square of Bosnia and Herzegovina]. vijesti.ba. http://vijesti.ba/clanak/62169/replika-zgoscanskog-stecka-uljepsavatrg-bosne-i-hercegovine. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  22. FENA. (2014, May 9). SARAJEVO: Otvorena obnovljena Vijećnica [SARAJEVO: The Rebuilt City Hall Opened]. zurnal.info. http://www.zurnal.info/novost/17985/sarajevo-otvorena-obnovljena-vijecnica. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  23. Galić, M., Baštinac, S., Hajtić, N., & Tvrtković, H. (2010). Izvještaj o reviziji projekta obnove i rekonstrukcije zgrade prijateljstva između Grčke i Bosne i Hercegovine [Report About Revision of the Reconstruction Project of the Building of Friendship Between Greece and Bosnia and Herzegovina]. Sarajevo: Ured za reviziju institucija BiH. http://www.revizija.gov.ba/revizioni_izvjestaji/specificne_revizije/izvjestaji2009/?id=1726. Accessed 12 Sept 2012.
  24. Grabrijan, D., & Neidhart, J. (1957). Arhitektura Bosne i put u suvremeno [Architecture of Bosnia and the Way (Towards) Modernity]. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga.Google Scholar
  25. Hobsbawm, E. J. (1992). The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Jedan Grad Jedna Borba (JGJB). (2006, December 3). Narodna Čitaona: Vijećnica je naša! [People’s Reading Room: The City Hall Is Ours]. 1grad1borba. http://1grad1borba.org/content/narodna-%C4%8Ditaona. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  27. Kapetanović, J. (1990). Juraj Neidhart, Zivot i Djelo [Juraj Neidhart, Life and Work]. Sarajevo: Veselin Maslesa.Google Scholar
  28. Karabegović, Dz. (2008, March 17). Da ministrima ne bude tijesno [So That Ministers Have Enough Space]. Radio Slobodna Evropa. https://www.slobodnaevropa.org/a/1048003.html. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  29. Katavić, I. (2007, July 17). Vijecnica ceka novu fasadu [The City Hall Awaits Its New Façade]. Slobodna Evropa. http://www.slobodnaevropa.org/content/article/709843.html. Accessed 31 Oct 2017.
  30. Kazaz, E. (2011, August 26). Vildana Selimbegović, sretna zbog rasizma [Vildana Selimbegović, Happy Because of Rasism]. Elektronske Novine. http://www.e-novine.com/stav/50313-Vildana-Selimbegovi-sretna-zbog-rasizma.html. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  31. Klix. (2008a, May 26). “Igre bez granica” oko Vijećnice [“Games Without Borders” Around the City Hall]. klix.ba. https://www.klix.ba/magazin/kultura/igre-bez-granica-oko-vijecnice/080526007l. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  32. Klix. (2008b, August 14). “Oslobodjenje” Muje Selimovica [“Oslobodjenje” of Muja Selimovic]. klix.ba. https://forum.klix.ba/oslobodjenje-muje-selimovica-t57280.html. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  33. Klix. (2009, April 3). Slijedi i treći tender za obnovu Vijećnice [The Third Tender Is to Be Opened]. klix.ba. http://www.sarajevo-x.com/bih/sarajevo/clanak/090403073. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  34. Lovrenović, I. (1994, May 28). The Hatred of Memory: In Sarajevo, Burned Books and Murdered Pictures. The New York Times. http://www.openbook.ba/obq/no1/ivan_lovrenovic.htm. Accessed 12 Sept 2011.
  35. M.K.S. (2006, August 23). Zgrada Vijeca Ministara bice gotova na proljece [The Building of the Council of Ministers Will Be Done in Spring]. Oslobodjenje.Google Scholar
  36. Maglajlija, V. (2017, June 12). Graditelj Sarajeva na rubu egzistencije [The Builder of Sarajevo on the Brink of Extension]. http://balkans.aljazeera.net/vijesti/graditelj-sarajeva-na-rubu-egzistencije. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  37. Martin, A. (2008, May 14). Odluka o gradnji novih džamija u Sarajevu izazvala novu raspravu [The Decision About the Construction of New Mosques in Sarajevo Provoked a New Debate]. Southeast European Times.Google Scholar
  38. Mulić-Bušatlija, S. (2004, December 24). Poklon koji se vraća [The Returning Present]. Dani.Google Scholar
  39. Plečić, E. (2003). Obnova zgrade bivseg izvrsnog vijeca uzburkala stare duhove. Perfidnna igra za eliminaciju domacih firmi [The Reconstruction of the Building of the Former Executive Council Woke Old Ghosts Up. Perfidy Game for Elimination of Domestic Companies]. Oslobodjenje.Google Scholar
  40. Radio Sarajevo. (2016, May 31). Pokrivanje ploča na Vijećnici: Šta se zapravo dogodilo [The Covering of Plaques on the City Hall: What Has Really Happened]. radiosarajevo.ba. https://www.radiosarajevo.ba/vijesti/bosna-i-hercegovina/pokrivanje-ploca-na-vijecnici-sto-se-zapravo-dogodilo/227480. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  41. Ramić, E. (2016, November 29). Zašto bi “Prosvjeta” i SDP brisali istinu sa spomen ploče na Sarajevskoj Vijećnici [Why Would “Education” and SDP Erase the Truth from the Memorial Plaque on the City Hall]. bosnjaci.net. http://www.bosnjaci.net/prilog.php?pid=60569. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  42. S.B. (2016). Da se gosti ne uvrijede [So That Guests Do Not Get Offended]. Slobodna Bosna. https://www.slobodna-bosna.ba/vijest/32579/da_se_gosti_ne_uvrijede_ploche_sa_natpisima_srpski_zlochinci_na_vijecnici_prekrivene_zastavama.html. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  43. Selimbegović, V. (2008, April 11). Sedmi dan: džamija u srcu Sarajeva [Day Seven: Mosque in the Heart of Sarajevo]. Dani.Google Scholar
  44. Škondrić, D. P. (2010, Septembre 15). Potpuna obnova sarajevske Vijećnice koštat će oko 24 miliona KM. Završetak radova 2014. godine [The Complete Reconstruction of the City Hall Will Cost 24 Million of KM. The End of Works in 2014]. Radio televizija tuzlanskog kantona. http://www.rtvtk.ba/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=16907:potpuna-obnova-sarajevske-vijenice-kotat-e-oko-24-miliona-km-zavretak-radova-2014-godine&catid=81:europe&Itemid=197. Accessed 12 Sept 2011.
  45. Štraus, I. and Neidhart, T. (2003) ‘Project for Reconstruction of Facades of the Object 3 of the Institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovna’.Google Scholar
  46. Tafro-Sefić, L. (2011). Parlamentarna Skupstina Bosne i Herzegovine [Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina]. Sarajevo: Parlamentarna skupština Bosne i Hercegovine.Google Scholar
  47. Udovičić, R. (2002, May 3). Šta se dešava sa najstarijim bh. dnevnim listom: Oslobođenje se prodaje za 4,7 miliona maraka [What Is Going on with the Oldest Newspaper: Liberation Was Sold for 4.7 Million of Marks]. Media Online.Google Scholar
  48. Voloder, N. (2011, August 25). Donacija koje nema [Donation Which Does Not Exist]. ekapija. https://ba.ekapija.com/news/467844/donacija-koje-nema-grci-i-dalje-obecavaju-obnovu-bolnice-kasindo. Accessed 25 Oct 2017.
  49. World Monuments Watch (WMW). (2008). Sarajevo City Hall, World Monuments Watch. https://www.wmf.org/project/sarajevo-city-hall. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.
  50. Žurnal. (2010, August 5). Zgrada zajedničkih institucija: Šareni spomenik korupciji i kriminalu [The Building of Shared Institutions: Colorful Monument to Corruption and Criminal]. http://www.zurnal.info/novost/2474/zgrada-zajednickih-institucija-sareni-spomenik-korupciji-i-kriminalu-2. Accessed 12 Sept 2017.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mirjana Ristic
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for SociologyTechnical University of DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

Personalised recommendations