Quality Methods for the Scientific Research
This chapter is devoted to illustrating some methods and techniques for specific topics, starting from an overview of the project management discipline and related tools, to plan, execute, control, document and close a project. The failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) is then illustrated to provide the reader with a method of risk assessment and error prevention for a process. The design of experiment (DoE), a statistical method for planning experimental activities, can give the researcher a means to optimally plan experiments, extract more information from data, strengthen the analysis of results and at the same time reduce the resources required. Two methods borrowed from industry, which are very promising but still at the beginning of their exploitation in scientific research, are then illustrated: lean management and six sigma. For each method, examples of application to scientific research are provided.
KeywordsDoE Experimental design Risk assessment FMEA Lean management Six sigma
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