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Interplay Between Engineered Nanomaterials (ENMs) and Edible Plants: A Current Perspective

  • Bilal Ahmed
  • Mohammad Saghir Khan
  • Quaiser Saquib
  • Majed Al-Shaeri
  • Javed Musarrat
Chapter

Abstract

Predicted augmentation in the release of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) into the environment has raised serious concerns. Limited studies on assessment of nanomaterials for their uptake, bioaccumulation, long-term persistence and transport to the next trophic level have been undertaken. Also, the behavior of ENMs largely metals (Ag, Au, etc.) metal oxides (SiO2, CeO2, Fe3O4, CuO, ZnO, Al2O3, NiO, etc.), quantum dots, fullerenes, and carbon nanotubes (SWCNT and MWCNT) with plant system has not been extensively explored and clearly understood. Indeed, plants represent a vital living component of the terrestrial biological environment. Physical and the chemical influence of ENMs on plant cell components exhibit unique significance, as plants provide a major route for ENM transmission to higher organisms through the food chain. Moreover, the questions concerning the fate and behavior of ENMs in plant systems, such as the role of surface area or surface reactivity of ENMs on phytotoxicity, the potential route of entrance to plant vascular tissues, and the role of plant cell walls in internalization of ENMs, are the potential areas for further research. The information gap due to relatively less explored aspects necessitates that the physicochemical attributes of ENMs, viz., elemental composition, shape, size, and surface chemistry, must be sufficiently characterized. Besides, the overall impact of ENMs either positive or negative at environmentally and biologically relevant doses of ENMs, depending upon the species, growth conditions, and growth phase of the plant, must be taken into account for providing a tangible solution to the emerging problems. Thus, the aim of this chapter is to provide a comprehensive overview regarding the uptake, translocation, and biotransformation of ENMs in plant cell/tissue(s) and to discuss the mechanistic aspects for better understanding of the nature of ENM interaction with cellular components and associated hazards.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bilal Ahmed
    • 1
  • Mohammad Saghir Khan
    • 1
  • Quaiser Saquib
    • 2
  • Majed Al-Shaeri
    • 3
  • Javed Musarrat
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agricultural MicrobiologyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Faculty of Science, Department of Biological SciencesKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah UniversityRajouriIndia

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