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Plant Response Strategies to Engineered Metal Oxide Nanoparticles: A Review

  • Remya Nair
Chapter

Abstract

Plants provide a potential pathway for the transport of nanoparticles, and hence the study on effects of nanoparticles in plants is crucial. Metal oxide nanoparticles exhibit unique physical and chemical properties, and their interaction with plant system influences the growth and development of plants. Several changes have been observed in morphological and physiological parameters of plants such as seed germination, shoot and root growth, and biomass production. Interaction of metal oxide nanoparticles with plants could also alter the photosynthetic and biochemical activities. Significant changes have been observed in antioxidant enzyme activities to prevent oxidative damage and enhance the plant defense mechanism against metal oxide nanoparticles. The effects of nanoparticles on the nutritional quality of plants and plant products were also reviewed in this chapter.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nano Research FacilityWashington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA

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