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The Community College Experience and Educational Equality: Theory, Research, and Policy

  • Lauren Schudde
  • Eric Grodsky
Chapter
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)

Abstract

Community colleges serve as the point of entry to higher education for many Americans, but enrollees exhibit high rates of non-completion. A central debate in the sociological research on community colleges concerns whether these institutions enhance opportunity by improving educational access or constrain opportunity by hindering students from achieving their educational aspirations. This chapter lays out the history of community colleges, describes relevant sociological theories, and reviews key developments in research, emphasizing research on the potentially democratizing and diversionary effects of community colleges. Finally, we discuss how sociology can inform the evolving policy discussion over the role community colleges play in education and social mobility.

Keywords

Cooling out Community college effects Heterogeneous treatment effects For-profit institutions Sticker price Transfer agreements 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.University of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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