Advertisement

Fringed Life Satisfaction? A Life-Course Perspective on the Impact of International Migration on Subjective Well-Being

  • Bogdan Voicu
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter investigates the role of personal life events in changing levels of life satisfaction and tries to contrast migrants to native population in this respect. Marriage, divorce, separation, widowhood, and having children are considered as potential triggers for differential transformations of migrant lives as compared to non-migrant. The main assumption relies on the increased uncertainty and destandardization of migrant life course, given their spatial mobility that disrupts stages of traditional life cycle. The findings from the panel data obtained from German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP; Germany), collected during more than three decades, reveal higher sensitivity of migrants to widowhood and divorce; the differential impact of marriage depends on social interactions and the distance between marriage and migration, and there is a slight effect of becoming a parent.

References

  1. Abbott, P., C. Wallace, K. Lin, and C. Haerpfer. 2016. The Quality of Society and Life Satisfaction in China. Social Indicators Research 127 (2): 653–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alwin, D.F. 2012. Integrating Varieties of Life Course Concepts. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 67 (2): 206–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ambrey, C.L., and C.M. Fleming. 2014. Life Satisfaction in Australia: Evidence from Ten Years of the HILDA Survey. Social Indicators Research 115 (2): 691–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Angelini, V., L. Casi, and L. Corazzini. 2015. Life Satisfaction of Immigrants: Does Cultural Assimilation Matter? Journal of Population Economics 28 (3): 817–844.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Anusic, I., S.C. Yap, and R.E. Lucas. 2014. Testing Set-point Theory in a Swiss National Sample: Reaction and Adaptation to Major Life Events. Social Indicators Research 119 (3): 1265–1288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Arts, W. 2011. Explaining European Value patterns: Problems and Solutions. Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Sociology 56 (1): 7–31.Google Scholar
  7. Baranowska, A., and A. Matysiak. 2011. Does Parenthood Increase Happiness? Evidence for Poland. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 9: 307–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bartram, D. 2011. Economic Migration and Happiness: Comparing Immigrants’ and Natives’ Happiness Gains From Income. Social Indicators Research 103: 57–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blekesaune, M. 2008. Partnership Transitions and Mental Distress: Investigating Temporal Order. Journal of Marriage and Family 70 (4): 879–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bloch, A., L. Kumarappan, and S. McKay. 2015. The Working Lives of Undocumented Migrants: Social Capital, Individual Agency and Mobility. In Vulnerability, Exploitation and Migrants: Insecure Work in a Globalised Economy, ed. L. Waite, G. Craig, H. Lewis, and K. Skrivankova, 187–199. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  11. Bourassa, K.J., D.A. Sbarra, and M.A. Whisman. 2015. Women in Very Low Quality Marriages Gain Life Satisfaction Following Divorce. Journal of Family Psychology 29 (3): 490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Brüderl, J., and V. Ludwig. 2014. Fixed-Effects Panel Regression. In The SAGE Handbook of Regression Analysis and Causal Inference, ed. H. Best and C. Wolf, 327–358. Sage.Google Scholar
  13. Carr, D., V.A. Freedman, J.C. Cornman, and N. Schwarz. 2014. Happy Marriage, Happy Life? Marital Quality and Subjective Well-being in Later Life. Journal of Marriage and Family 76 (5): 930–948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chipperfield, J.G., and B. Havens. 2001. Gender Differences in the Relationship Between Marital Status Transitions and Life Satisfaction in Later Life. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 56 (3): P176–P186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Clark, A.E., E. Diener, Y. Georgellis, and R.E. Lucas. 2008. Lags and Leads in Life Satisfaction: A Test of the Baseline Hypothesis. Economic Journal 118 (529): F222–F243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cummins, R.A. 2000. Objective and Subjective Quality of Life: An Interactive Model. Social Indicators Research 52 (1): 55–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cummins, R.A., N. Li, M. Wooden, and M. Stokes. 2014. A Demonstration of Set-points for Subjective Wellbeing. Journal of Happiness Studies 15 (1): 183–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. de Vroome, T., and M. Hooghe. 2014. Life Satisfaction Among Ethnic Minorities in the Netherlands: Immigration Experience or Adverse Living Conditions? Journal of Happiness Studies 15 (6): 1389–1406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Easterlin, R.A. 2015. Happiness and Economic Growth—The Evidence. In Global Handbook of Quality of Life: Exploration of Well-being of Nations and Continents, ed. W. Glatzer, L. Camfield, V. Møller, and M. Rojas, 283–299. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Engbersen, G., E. Snel, and J. de Boom. 2010. ‘A Van Full of Poles’: Liquid Migration from Central and Eastern Europe. In A Continent Moving West. EU Enlargement and Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe, ed. R. Black, G. Engbersen, M. Okólski, and C. Pantiru, 115–141. Amsterdam: IMISCOE.Google Scholar
  21. Findlay, A., D. McCollum, R. Coulter, and V. Gayle. 2015. New Mobilities Across the Life Course: A Framework for Analysing Demographically Linked Drivers of Migration. Population, Space and Place 21 (4): 390–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Frijters, P., D.W. Johnston, and M.A. Shields. 2011. Life Satisfaction Dynamics with Quarterly Life Event Data. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 113 (1): 190–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Fujita, F., and E. Diener. 2005. Life Satisfaction Set Point. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 88 (1): 158–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Galgóczi, B., and J. Leschke. 2016. EU Labour Migration in Troubled Times: Skills Mismatch, Return and Policy Responses. Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. Giralt, R.M., and A.J. Bailey. 2010. Transnational Familyhood and the Liquid Life Paths of South Americans in the UK. Global Networks 10 (3): 383–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hansen, T. 2012. Parenthood and Happiness: A Review of Folk Theories Versus Empirical Evidence. Social Indicators Research 108 (1): 29–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Headey, B. 2008. Life Goals Matter to Happiness: A Revision of Set-point Theory. Social Indicators Research 86 (2): 213–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Headey, B., and A. Wearing. 1989. Personality, Life Events, and Subjective Well-Being: Toward a Dynamic Equilibrium Model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57 (4): 731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Immerzeel, T., and F. Van Tubergen. 2011. Religion as Reassurance? Testing the Insecurity Theory in 26 European Countries. European Sociological Review 29 (2): 359–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Inglehart, R., and W.E. Baker. 2000. Modernization, Cultural Change, and the Persistence of Traditional Values. American Sociological Review 65 (1): 19–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Karabchuk, T. 2016. The Subjective Well-being of Women in Europe: Children, Work and Employment Protection Legislation. Mind & Society 15 (2): 219–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Layard, R., A.E. Clark, F. Cornaglia, N. Powdthavee, and J. Vernoit. 2014. What Predicts a Successful Life? A Life-course Model of Well-Being. The Economic Journal 124 (580): F720–F738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lewis, H., P. Dwyer, S. Hodkinson, and L. Waite. 2015. Hyper-precarious Lives: Migrants, Work and Forced Labour in the Global North. Progress in Human Geography 39 (5): 580–600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lu, L., and R. Gilmour. 2006. Individual-Oriented and Socially Oriented Cultural Conceptions of Subjective Well-being: Conceptual Analysis and Scale Development. Asian Journal of Social Psychology 9 (1): 36–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lu, C., G. Schellenberg, F. Hou, and J. F. Helliwell. 2015. How’s Life in the City?: Life Satisfaction Across Census Metropolitan Areas and Economic Regions in Canada. Statistics Canada. Economic Insights, no. 46.Google Scholar
  36. Lucas, R.E. 2007. Adaptation and the Set-point Model of Subjective Well-being: Does Happiness Change After Major Life Events? Current Directions in Psychological Science 16 (2): 75–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. ———. 2008. Personality and Subjective Well-being. In The Science of Subjective Well-Being, ed. M. Eid and R.J. Larsen, 171–194. New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  38. Lucas, R.E., A.E. Clark, Y. Georgellis, and E. Diener. 2003. Reexamining Adaptation and the Set Point Model of Happiness: Reactions to Changes in Marital Status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 84 (3): 527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Luhmann, M., and M. Eid. 2009. Does it Really Feel the Same? Changes in Life Satisfaction Following Repeated Life Events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 97 (2): 363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Magee, W., and J. Umamahesvar. 2011. Immigrant Group Differences in Job Satisfaction. Race Social Problems 3 (4): 252–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Martinello, M., and A. Rea. 2014. The Concept of Migratory Careers: Elements for New Theoretical Perspective of Contemporary Human Mobility. Current Sociology 62 (7): 1079–1096.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mikucka, M. 2016. How Does Parenthood Affect Life Satisfaction in Russia? Advances in Life Course Research 30: 16–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mikucka, M., and E. Rizzi. 2016. Does it Take a Village to Raise a Child?: The Buffering Effect of Relationships with Relatives for Parental Life Satisfaction. Demographic Research 34: 943–994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Modigliani, F. 1944. Liquidity. Preference and the Theory of Interest and Money. Econometrica 12 (1): 45–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Myrskylä, M., and R. Margolis. 2014. Happiness: Before and After the Kids. Demography 51 (5): 1843–1866.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Næss, S., M. Blekesaune, and N. Jakobsson. 2015. Marital Transitions and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from Longitudinal Data from Norway. Acta Sociologica 58 (1): 63–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Norris, P., and R. Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Pajnik, M. 2016. ‘Wasted precariat’: Migrant Work in European Societies. Progress in Development Studies 16 (2): 159–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Pargament, K.I., G.G. Ano, and A.B. Wachholtz. 2005. The Religious Dimension of Coping. In Handbook of the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, ed. R.F. Paloutzian and C.L. Park, 479–495. New York: Guilford Publications.Google Scholar
  50. Pollmann-Schult, M. 2014. Parenthood and Life Satisfaction: Why Don’t Children Make People Happy? Journal of Marriage and Family 76 (2): 319–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Preoteasa, A.M.D., R. Sieber, M. Budowski, and C. Suter. 2016. Household Role in Coping with Precarious Work. Evidence from Qualitative Research in Urban Romania and Switzerland. Social Change Review 14 (2): 177–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Rizzi, E., and Mikucka, M. 2014. The Happiness–Parenthood Link in a Context of Limited State Support: The Case of Switzerland. FORS Working Paper Series, Paper 2015-3. Lausanne: FORS.Google Scholar
  53. Safi, M. 2010. Immigrants’ Life Satisfaction in Europe: Between Assimilation and Discrimination. European Sociological Review 26 (2): 159–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Strauss, K., and S. McGrath. 2017. Temporary Migration, Precarious Employment and Unfree Labour Relations: Exploring the ‘Continuum of Exploitation’ in Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Program. Geoforum 78: 199–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Stutzer, A., and B.S. Frey. 2006. Does Marriage Make People Happy, or Do Happy People Get Married? The Journal of Socio-Economics 35 (2): 326–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tam, K.P., H.P.B. Lau, and D. Jiang. 2012. Culture and Subjective Well-Being: A Dynamic Constructivist View. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 43 (1): 23–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Uichida, Y., V. Norasakkunkit, and S. Kitayama. 2004. Cultural Constructions of Happiness: Theory and Empirical Evidence. Journal of Happiness Studies 5(3): 223–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Urzi, D., and C. Williams. 2017. Beyond Post-national Citizenship: An Evaluation of the Experiences of Tunisian and Romanian Migrants Working in the Agricultural Sector in Sicily. Citizenship Studies 21 (1): 136–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Van Praag, B., D. Romanov, and A. Ferrer-i-Carbonell. 2010. Happiness and Financial Satisfaction in Israel: Effects of Religiosity, Ethnicity, and War. Journal of Economic Psychology 31: 1008–1020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Veenhoven, R., and F. Vergunst. 2014. The Easterlin Illusion: Economic Growth Does go with Greater Happiness. International Journal of Happiness and Development 1 (4): 311–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Vertovec, S. 2009. Transnationalism. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  62. Vlase, I. 2015. Romanian Households Dealing with Precariousness: A Life-course Approach. European Societies 17 (4): 513–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Voicu, B. 2001. Pseudomodern Romania. Sociologie românească 1 (4): 35–69.Google Scholar
  64. ———. 2010. Social Capital in Romania at the Beginning of the Millenium: Traveler in the Land of Those Without a Friend. Lumen: Iași.Google Scholar
  65. Voicu, B., and I. Vlase. 2014. High-Skilled Immigrants in Times of Crisis. A Cross-European Analysis. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 42: 25–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Watson, B., and L. Osberg. 2017. Healing and/or Breaking? The Mental Health Implications of Repeated Economic Insecurity. Social Science & Medicine 188: 119–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Welzel, C., and R. Inglehart. 2010. Agency, Values, and Well-being: A Human Development Model. Social Indicators Research 97 (1): 43–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Wingens, M., H. Valk, M. Windzio, and C. Aybek. 2011. The Sociological Life Course Approach and Research on Migration and Integration. In A Life-course Perspective on Migration and Integration, 1–26. In Wingens, M., M. Windzio, H.D. Valk, and C. Aybek. (2012). A Life-course Perspective on Migration and Integration. Springer.Google Scholar
  69. Zimmermann, A.C., and R.A. Easterlin. 2006. Happily Ever After? Cohabitation, Marriage, Divorce, and Happiness in Germany. Population and Development Review 32 (3): 511–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bogdan Voicu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.‘Lucian Blaga’ University of SibiuSibiuRomania
  2. 2.Romanian AcademyResearch Institute for Quality of LifeBucharestRomania

Personalised recommendations