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A Web-Based System with Spatial Clustering to Observe the Changes of Emergency Distribution Using Social Big Data

Chapter
Part of the International Series on Computer Entertainment and Media Technology book series (ISCEMT)

Abstract

Understanding the changes of emergency distribution is an important step in the response to disaster. There are various emergency-related big data available on Internet; however it requires a complex system to use big data for emergency observation. In this study, we propose a Web-based system with spatial clustering to enable the observation to the changes of emergency distribution using social big data. Based upon the widely available Web technology, the proposed system is designed in three components, the social big data scrubbing, spatial big data clustering, and visualizing the changes of emergency distribution. And we applied the observations on two emergency incidents using the Twitter data, one is the Kumamoto earthquake 2016, and the other is the New York Hurricane Sandy 2012.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by JST-NSF joint funding, Strategic International Collaborative Research Program, SICORP, entitled “Dynamic Evolution of Smartphone-Based Emergency Communications Network”, from 2015 to 2018.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of AizuAizuwakamatsuJapan

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