From Occupation to Cultural and Social Responsibility in Philippine and Puerto Rican Business Education: A First-Stage Historical Research Perspective

  • Ronald K. Goodenow


The primary goal of this chapter is to illustrate aspects of the evolution and practice of graduate business and management education in two territories dominated by the United States. They are the Philippines, a large nation state, independent but tied to the United States in military and economic relations since the end of World War II, and Puerto Rico, which by comparison remains in a colonial and highly dependent relationship with the US colonial, or post-colonial policies were favorable to capitalism and the exercise of American cultural, economic, and political power, but national or domestic characteristics in education, cultural values, and politics have affected their introduction and development. Hence the need for understanding the evolution of programs which transcend traditional business school classroom walls to address societal needs and focus on social responsibilities, especially those located in MBA programs, exploding globally in universities and public and private agencies and companies.


Colonial occupation MBA Corporate Social Responsibility The Philippines Puerto Rico Business education Distance learning 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald K. Goodenow
    • 1
  1. 1.NorthboroughUSA

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