Advertisement

Laser Applications in Urology

  • Viacheslav Iremashvili
  • Robert Marcovich
Chapter

Abstract

  • Summary of laser-tissue interactions in urology.

  • Holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy for calculi.

  • Laser treatment of benign prostatic enlargement.

  • Laser incision of urethral and ureteral strictures.

  • Other laser applications in urology for treatment of penile carcinoma, partial nephrectomy, etc.

Keywords

Nephrolithiasis Renal stone Ureteral stone Laser lithotripsy Holmium laser Benign prostatic hyperplasia Laser prostate ablation Laser prostate enucleation 

References

  1. 1.
    Chan KF, Vassar GJ, Pfefer TJ, et al. Holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy: a dominant photothermal ablative mechanism with chemical decomposition of urinary calculi. Lasers Surg Med. 1999;25(1):22–37.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mulvaney WP, Beck CW. The laser beam in urology. J Urol. 1968;99(1):112–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Watson GM, Wickham JE. Initial experience with a pulsed dye laser for ureteric calculi. Lancet. 1986;1(8494):1357–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Santa-Cruz RW, Leveillee RJ, Krongrad A. Ex vivo comparison of four lithotripters commonly used in the ureter: what does it take to perforate? J Endourol. 1998;12(5):417–22.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Breda A, Angerri O. Retrograde intrarenal surgery for kidney stones larger than 2.5 cm. Curr Opin Urol. 2014;24(2):179–83.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Watterson JD, Girvan AR, Cook AJ, et al. Safety and efficacy of holmium: YAG laser lithotripsy in patients with bleeding diatheses. J Urol. 2002;168(2):442–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Aboumarzouk OM, Somani B, Monga M. Safety and efficacy of ureteroscopic lithotripsy for stone disease in obese patients: a systematic review of the literature. BJU Int. 2012;110(8 Pt B):E374–80.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Akpinar H, Tufek I, Alici B, Kural AR. Ureteroscopy and holmium laser lithotripsy in pregnancy: stents must be used postoperatively. J Endourol. 2006;20(2):107–10.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ishii H, Griffin S, Somani BK. Flexible ureteroscopy and lasertripsy (FURSL) for paediatric renal calculi: results from a systematic review. J Pediatr Urol. 2014;10(6):1020–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Molimard B, Al-Qahtani S, Lakmichi A, et al. Flexible ureterorenoscopy with holmium laser in horseshoe kidneys. Urology. 2010;76(6):1334–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kronenberg P, Traxer O. In vitro fragmentation efficiency of holmium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser lithotripsy—a comprehensive study encompassing different frequencies, pulse energies, total power levels and laser fibre diameters. BJU Int. 2014;114(2):261–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kronenberg P, Traxer O. Are we all doing it wrong? Influence of stripping and cleaving methods of laser fibers on laser lithotripsy performance. J Urol. 2015;193(3):1030–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hecht SL, Wolf JS Jr. Techniques for holmium laser lithotripsy of intrarenal calculi. Urology. 2013;81(2):442–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lee H, Kang HW, Teichman JM, et al. Urinary calculus fragmentation during Ho: YAG and Er:YAG lithotripsy. Lasers Surg Med. 2006;38(1):39–51.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hardy LA, Wilson CR, Irby PB, Fried NM. Thulium fiber laser lithotripsy in an in vitro ureter model. J Biomed Opt. 2014;19(12):128001.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rieken M, Bachmann A. Laser treatment of benign prostate enlargement—which laser for which prostate? Nat Rev Urol. 2014;11(3):142–52.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Malek RS, Kuntzman RS, Barrett DM. Photoselective potassium-titanyl-phosphate laser vaporization of the benign obstructive prostate: observations on long-term outcomes. J Urol. 2005;174(4 Pt 1):1344–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chughtai B, Te A. Photoselective vaporization of the prostate for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2011;8(5):591–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thangasamy IA, Chalasani V, Bachmann A, Woo HH. Photoselective vaporisation of the prostate using 80-W and 120-W laser versus transurethral resection of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia: a systematic review with meta-analysis from 2002 to 2012. Eur Urol. 2012;62(2):315–23.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Woo HH, Hossack TA. Photoselective vaporization of the prostate with the 120-W lithium triborate laser in men taking coumadin. Urology. 2011;78(1):142–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chung DE, Wysock JS, Lee RK, et al. Outcomes and complications after 532 nm laser prostatectomy in anticoagulated patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 2011;186(3):977–81.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tan AH, Gilling PJ, Kennett KM, et al. A randomized trial comparing holmium laser enucleation of the prostate with transurethral resection of the prostate for the treatment of bladder outlet obstruction secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia in large glands (40 to 200 grams). J Urol. 2003;170(4 Pt 1):1270–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kuntz RM, Lehrich K. Transurethral holmium laser enucleation versus transvesical open enucleation for prostate adenoma greater than 100 gm: a randomized prospective trial of 120 patients. J Urol. 2002;168(4 Pt 1):1465–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tyson MD, Lerner LB. Safety of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate in anticoagulated patients. J Endourol. 2009;23(8):1343–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Robert G, Cornu JN, Fourmarier M, et al. Multicenter prospective evaluation of the learning curve of the holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). BJU Int. 2015.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kuntz RM. Laser treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. World J Urol. 2007;25(3):241–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ben-Zvi T, Hueber PA, Liberman D, et al. GreenLight XPS 180W vs HPS 120W laser therapy for benign prostate hyperplasia: a prospective comparative analysis after 200 cases in a single-center study. Urology. 2013;81(4):853–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Gross AJ, Netsch C, Knipper S, et al. Complications and early postoperative outcome in 1080 patients after thulium vapoenucleation of the prostate: results at a single institution. Eur Urol. 2013;63(5):859–67.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bach T, Muschter R, Sroka R, et al. Laser treatment of benign prostatic obstruction: basics and physical differences. Eur Urol. 2012;61(2):317–25.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ruszat R, Seitz M, Wyler SF, et al. Prospective single-centre comparison of 120-W diode-pumped solid-state high-intensity system laser vaporization of the prostate and 200-W high-intensive diode-laser ablation of the prostate for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia. BJU Int. 2009;104(6):820–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Shaker HS, Shoeb MS, Yassin MM, Shaker SH. Quartz head contact laser fiber: a novel fiber for laser ablation of the prostate using the 980 nm high power diode laser. J Urol. 2012;187(2):575–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Elmansy H, Baazeem A, Kotb A, et al. Holmium laser enucleation versus photoselective vaporization for prostatic adenoma greater than 60 ml: preliminary results of a prospective, randomized clinical trial. J Urol. 2012;188(1):216–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Elshal AM, Elmansy HM, Elhilali MM. Two laser ablation techniques for a prostate less than 60 mL: lessons learned 70 months after a randomized controlled trial. Urology. 2013;82(2):416–22.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gnessin E, Yossepowitch O, Holland R, et al. Holmium laser endoureterotomy for benign ureteral stricture: a single center experience. J Urol. 2009;182(6):2775–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Jin T, Li H, Jiang LH, et al. Safety and efficacy of laser and cold knife urethrotomy for urethral stricture. Chin Med J. 2010;123(12):1589–95.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Bai Y, Liu L, Yuan H, et al. Safety and efficacy of transurethral laser therapy for bladder cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. World J Surg Oncol. 2014;12:301.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Pompeo AC, Zequi Sde C, Pompeo AS. Penile cancer: organ-sparing surgery. Curr Opin Urol. 2015;25(2):121–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Pagano MJ, van Batavia JP, Casale P. Laser ablation in the management of obstructive uropathy in neonates. J Endourol. 2014.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Beiko D, Pierre SA, Leonard MP. Urethroscopic holmium:YAG laser epilation of urethral diverticular hair follicles following hypospadias repair. J Pediatr Urol. 2011;7(2):231–2.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Wenger H, Yousuf A, Oto A, Eggener S. Laser ablation as focal therapy for prostate cancer. Curr Opin Urol. 2014;24(3):236–40.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Kyriazis I, Ozsoy M, Kallidonis P, et al. Current evidence on lasers in laparoscopy: partial nephrectomy. World J Urol. 2015;33(4):589–94.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Thomas AZ, Smyth L, Hennessey D, et al. Zero ischemia laparoscopic partial thulium laser nephrectomy. J Endourol. 2013;27(11):1366–70.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Loertzer H, Strauss A, Ringert RH, Schneider P. Laser-supported partial laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma without ischaemia time. BMC Urol. 2013;13:31.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyJackson Memorial Hospital, University of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Department of UrologyUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations