Advertisement

Mexico, the Water Stress: Challenges and Opportunities in Wastewater Treatment and Reuse

  • Luis Alberto Seguí Amórtegui
  • Gabriela Moeller-Chávez
  • Andrés De Andrés Mosquera
Chapter
Part of the Global Issues in Water Policy book series (GLOB, volume 20)

Abstract

A proper treatment of wastewater is important to avoid the consequences of releasing untreated wastewater into water bodies and soils, which causes harmful effects on human health and on the environment and also leads to negative social and economic consequences. Due to this, regeneration and reuse activities are of paramount importance. Many countries practice the regeneration and reuse with successful results. In developing countries because of technological and economical deficiencies, the use of strong and efficient systems of lesser cost and sophistication is required. The current situation in Mexico is described by mentioning the need of a model to make these activities as sustainable as possible and to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). The need to reinforce the reuse of regenerated water regarding direct or indirect potable reuse is discussed. A model of recycled water management to assure a continuous water supply is proposed from the technical, health, economical, legal, and environmental perspective to preserve quality and increase stock in the region.

Keywords

Reclaimed water Sustainable water treatment Reuse Efficiency production Scarcity 

References

  1. AIDIS-UNESCO. (2016). Uso seguro del agua para el reúso. In P. Tello, P. Mijaylova & R. Chamy (Eds.), sp. ISBN: 978-85-93571-00-8.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, J. (2003). The environmental benefits of water recycling and reuse. Water Supply, 3(4), 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Asano, T. (Ed.). (1998). Wastewater reclamation and reuse, Water Asano Quality Management Library (Vol. 10). Lancaster: Technomic Publishing Inc.Google Scholar
  4. Asano, T. (2001). Water from (waste) water – The dependable water resource the dependable water resource (The 2001 Stockholm Water Prize Laureate Lecture). Water Science & Technology, 45(8), 23–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Asano, T. (2004). Water and wastewater reuse, An environmentally sound approach for Sustainable Urban Water Management. http://www.unep/
  6. Bastian, R. & D. Murray. 2012 Guidelines for water reuse. US EPA Office of Research and Development, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-12/618.Google Scholar
  7. CONAGUA. (2010). Compendio del Agua de la Región Hidrológico-Administrativa XIII. Edición 2010. Organismo de Cuenca Aguas del Valle de México. Comisión Nacional del Agua. www.conagua.gob.mx Diciembre de 2010.
  8. CONAGUA. (2016a). Estadísticas del Agua en México 2016. Comisión Nacional del Agua. http://www.conagua.gob.mx
  9. CONAGUA. (2016b). Status of potable water, sewerage, and sanitation sub-sector in sp. (Situación del subsector de Agua Potable, Alcantarillado y Saneamiento. Comisión Nacional del Agua. http://www.conagua.gob.mx
  10. Cortés Muñoz, J., Calderón Mólgora, C. G., Martín Domínguez, A., Espino de la O, E. E., Gelover Santiago, S. L., & Hernández Martínez, C. L., Moeller Chávez, G. E. (2013). Endocrine disruptors in water sources: Human health risks and EDs removal from water through nanofiltration.  https://doi.org/10.5772/54482Google Scholar
  11. Delovitch, E. I., Icekson-Tal, N., Avraham, O., & Michail, M. (2003). The long-term performance of soil aquifer treatment (SAT) for effluent reuse. Water Supply, 3(4), 239–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. DOF. (2009). Diario Oficial de la Federación de 18 de agosto de 2009. NORMA Oficial Mexicana NOM-014-CONAGUA-2003, Requisitos para la recarga artificial de acuíferos con agua residual tratada.Google Scholar
  13. Hispanhol, I. (2014). Reuso Potavel Direto, In P. Tello, P. Mijaylova, & G. Ruiz (Eds.), Temas de Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ambiental in Sp, AIDIS. ISBN 978-607-02-5853-4.Google Scholar
  14. INEGI. (2016). Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Encuesta Intercensal 2015. http://www.beta.inegi.org.mx/proyectos/enchogares/especiales/intercensal/
  15. Jarusutthirak C., Amy G. y Foss D. (2003). Potable reuse of wastewater effluent through an integrated soil aquifer treatment (SAT) – Membrane system. Water Supply 3 3 25–33.Google Scholar
  16. Jiménez, B., Chavez, A., Gibson, R., & Maya, C. (2012). Unplanned aquifer recharge in El Mezquital/Tula Valley, México. In C. Kazner, T. Wintgens, & P. Dillon (Eds.), Water reclamation technologies for safe managed aquifer recharge (pp. 141–143). London: IWA Publishing.Google Scholar
  17. Juanico, M., & Friedler, E. (1999). Wastewater reuse for river recovery in semi-arid Israel. Water Science and Technology, 40(4–5), 43–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Leverenz, H. L., Tchobanoglous, G., & Asano, T.. (2011). Direct potable reuse: A future imperative. Journal of Water Reuse and Desalinisation. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wrd.
  19. Moeller, G, & Buelna, G. (2012). Contaminantes emergentes: Su importancia, retos y perspectivas sobre la medición. El tratamiento y la reglamentación in sp. ¡a. Edición. IMTA, INRS, CRIQ AIDIS 6 RETAC. ISBN: 978-607-7563-53-2. Mexico.Google Scholar
  20. Moeller, G., Guillén, R., Treviño L., & Lizama, C. (2016). Reúso de aguas residuales tratadas como fuente directa e indirecta de agua potable, in Sp. (pp 91–107). AIDIS. En Uso seguro del agua para el reúso. Eds. Pilar Tello, Petia Mijaylova & Rolando Chamy. ISBN: 978-85-93571-00-8.Google Scholar
  21. Moeller-Chavez, G., Seguí, L., Alfranca, O., Escalante, V., Pozo, F., & Rivas, A. (2004). Water reuse in the Apatlaco River basin (Mexico): A feasibility study. Water Science & Technology, 50(2), 329–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. NSF (National Science Foundation), U.S. DOE (U.S. Department of Energy), and U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2015, April 28–29). Energy – Positive Water Resource Recovery Workshop Report.Google Scholar
  23. OCAVM. (2016). In sp. Organismo de Cuencas Aguas del Valle de México. www.gob.mx/conagua
  24. OCWD. (2003). Orange County Water District. http://www.ocwd.com/gwrs/
  25. Okun, D. A. (2002). Water reuse introduces the need to integrate both water supply and wastewater management at local and regulatory levels. Water Science & Technology, 46(6–7), 273–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pescod, M. B. (1992). Wastewater treatment and use in agriculture. FAO irrigation and drainage paper 47. ISBN 92-5-103135-5. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations Organization. Rome.Google Scholar
  27. Seguí, L., Alfranca, O., Guerrero García-Rojas, H., & Moeller, G. (2005). Price for water reclamation, how can it be established? A Mexican case study. Water Supply, 5(2), 87–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Seguí, L., Alfranca, O., & García J. (2009). Techno-economical evaluation of water reuse for wetland restoration: A case study in a natural park of northeastearn Spain. Desalination, 246(1), 179–189. ISSN: 0011-9164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Seguí, L., Alfranca, O., & Moeller G. (2014). Metodología para el análisis técnico-económico de los sistemas de regeneración y reutilización de las aguas residuales. Tecnología y Ciencias del Agua, V(2), 55–70. ISSN 0187-8336.Google Scholar
  30. Soderberg, C. A. (2016). Panorama mundial del reuso de aguas residuales tratadas. (pp. 31–42). En uso Seguro del agua para el reúso AIDIS, 2016. ISBN: 978-85-93571-00-8.Google Scholar
  31. UNESCO. (2017). The United Nations world water development report WWDR: “Wastewater: The untapped resource”, United Nations world water assessment programme. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  32. United Nations Organization. (2014). United Nations Organization (UN). http://www.un.org/es/index.html
  33. United Nations Organization. (2015). United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all. (SDG 6). http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/water-and-sanitation
  34. WHO. (1989). Health guideline for the use of wastewater in agriculture and aquaculture. Technical Report Series, No. 778. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  35. WHO. (2006). Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater, Vol. 1. Geneva 27: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  36. WHO. (2017). Potable reuse: Guidance for producing safe drinking-water. Geneva: World Health Organization. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.Google Scholar
  37. WWF. (2018). 8th world water forum, Brasilia, 2018: Theme: People (Water, Sanitation and Health).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis Alberto Seguí Amórtegui
    • 1
  • Gabriela Moeller-Chávez
    • 2
  • Andrés De Andrés Mosquera
    • 1
  1. 1.EAE Business SchoolBarcelonaEspaña
  2. 2.Universidad Politécnica del Estado de MorelosProgresoMexico

Personalised recommendations